List of causes of death by rate

From WikiMD's Health & Wellness Encyclopedia

This article provides a broad overview of the leading causes of death by rate across the world. Causes of death vary significantly by country and income levels, with higher-income countries tending to have higher rates of non-communicable diseases like heart disease and cancer, while lower-income countries often have higher rates of communicable diseases and conditions related to childbirth and child mortality.

Classification of Causes of Death

Leading Causes of Death Globally

  • According to the World Health Organization, the leading causes of death globally include:
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Lower respiratory infections
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Alzheimer's disease and other dementias
  • Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Kidney diseases
  • Road traffic accidents
  • Liver diseases
  • It should be noted that the exact ranking can vary from year to year and between different data sources.

Causes of Death by Age Group

  • Different age groups have different leading causes of death:
  • Infants and children under 5: The leading causes of death are often related to prematurity, birth complications, and lower respiratory infections.
  • Adolescents and young adults: Injuries, particularly due to road traffic accidents and suicides, become a leading cause of death.
  • Middle-aged adults: Non-communicable diseases, such as heart disease and cancer, become more prevalent.
  • Older adults: Chronic diseases, including heart disease, cancer, and dementia, are the primary causes of death.

See Also


  • Global Health Estimates 2020: Deaths by Cause, Age, Sex, by Country and by Region, 2000-2019. Geneva, World Health Organization; 2020.
  • GBD 2017 Causes of Death Collaborators. (2018). Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for 282 causes of death in 195 countries and territories, 1980–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. The Lancet, 392(10159), 1736-1788.


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