Social determinants of health
Social determinants of health[edit | edit source]
Social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age. These circumstances are shaped by the distribution of money, power and resources at global, national and local levels. The social determinants of health are mostly responsible for health inequities - the unfair and avoidable differences in health status seen within and between countries.
Overview[edit | edit source]
The concept of social determinants of health is rooted in the understanding that health is influenced by a wide range of factors beyond genetics and personal behaviors. These factors include social, economic, and environmental conditions that are interrelated and influence health outcomes.
Key Determinants[edit | edit source]
Key determinants of health include income and social status, education, employment and working conditions, access to health services, housing, and social and community networks. These determinants interact with each other and with an individual's characteristics and behaviors to influence health outcomes.
Income and Social Status[edit | edit source]
Income and social status are among the most important determinants of health. Higher income and social status are linked to better health. The greater the gap between the richest and poorest people, the greater the differences in health.
Education[edit | edit source]
Education is a key determinant of health. People with higher levels of education tend to enjoy better health, while those with less education are more likely to experience poor health.
Employment and Working Conditions[edit | edit source]
Employment and working conditions also significantly influence health. Unemployment, underemployment, stressful or unsafe work are associated with poorer health.
Access to Health Services[edit | edit source]
Access to health services is a critical determinant of health. Barriers to accessing health care services can lead to unmet health needs, delays in receiving appropriate care, inability to get preventive services, and hospitalizations that could have been prevented.
Housing[edit | edit source]
Housing is another important determinant of health. Poor housing conditions, homelessness, and housing instability can lead to a range of health problems.
Social and Community Networks[edit | edit source]
Social and community networks can influence health outcomes. Strong social networks and social support can improve health, while social isolation and loneliness can have negative effects on health.
Impact on Health[edit | edit source]
The social determinants of health have a significant impact on health outcomes. They can influence the risk of developing health conditions, the ability to prevent and manage health conditions, and the quality and length of life.
Strategies to Address Social Determinants of Health[edit | edit source]
Strategies to address the social determinants of health include policies and interventions that aim to improve the conditions in which people live, work, and age. These strategies can involve actions at the individual, community, and societal levels.
See Also[edit | edit source]
|Social determinants of health Resources