(-)-5-(1,3-Dimethylbutyl)-5-ethylbarbituric acid

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(-)-5-(1,3-Dimethylbutyl)-5-ethylbarbituric acid is a chemical compound belonging to the class of barbiturates. It is a derivative of barbituric acid and is characterized by the presence of a 1,3-dimethylbutyl and an ethyl group at the 5th position of the barbituric acid core.

Chemical Structure[edit | edit source]

The chemical structure of (-)-5-(1,3-Dimethylbutyl)-5-ethylbarbituric acid is defined by the presence of a barbituric acid core, which is a six-membered ring containing two nitrogen atoms and four carbon atoms. Attached to the 5th carbon atom of this ring are a 1,3-dimethylbutyl and an ethyl group. The presence of these groups gives the compound its unique properties and distinguishes it from other barbiturates.

Synthesis[edit | edit source]

The synthesis of (-)-5-(1,3-Dimethylbutyl)-5-ethylbarbituric acid typically involves the reaction of barbituric acid with 1,3-dimethylbutyl and ethyl halides in the presence of a base. This results in the substitution of the hydrogen atoms at the 5th position of the barbituric acid core with the 1,3-dimethylbutyl and ethyl groups.

Properties and Uses[edit | edit source]

Like other barbiturates, (-)-5-(1,3-Dimethylbutyl)-5-ethylbarbituric acid has potential uses in the field of medicine, particularly as a sedative or hypnotic. However, its specific properties and potential therapeutic applications have not been extensively studied.

Safety and Toxicity[edit | edit source]

As with all barbiturates, (-)-5-(1,3-Dimethylbutyl)-5-ethylbarbituric acid has the potential to be toxic if ingested in large amounts. Symptoms of overdose may include drowsiness, confusion, and loss of coordination. In severe cases, it can lead to coma or death.

See Also[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD