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1,2-Dichloropropane is a chemical compound that belongs to the class of organic compounds known as halocarbons. It is a colorless, flammable liquid that is used primarily as a solvent, a degreaser, and a chemical intermediate.

Chemical Properties[edit | edit source]

1,2-Dichloropropane has the chemical formula C3H6Cl2. It is a chlorinated hydrocarbon that consists of a three-carbon chain with two chlorine atoms attached to the middle carbon atom. This compound is also known as propylene dichloride and has a molecular weight of 112.99 g/mol.

Uses[edit | edit source]

1,2-Dichloropropane is used in a variety of industrial applications. It is commonly used as a solvent in the manufacture of paints and varnishes, and as a degreaser for metal parts. It is also used as a chemical intermediate in the production of other chemicals, including pesticides and pharmaceuticals.

Health Effects[edit | edit source]

Exposure to 1,2-Dichloropropane can cause a variety of health effects. Inhalation can lead to respiratory distress, while skin contact can cause dermatitis. Long-term exposure can lead to more serious health effects, including liver damage and an increased risk of cancer.

Environmental Impact[edit | edit source]

1,2-Dichloropropane is a persistent organic pollutant that can have a significant impact on the environment. It is highly toxic to aquatic life and can contaminate groundwater if not properly managed.

Regulation[edit | edit source]

In many countries, the use and disposal of 1,2-Dichloropropane is regulated by environmental and occupational health agencies. These regulations are designed to protect both human health and the environment from the potential harms of this chemical.


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD