From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

2-Methoxyestriol is a metabolite of estradiol, which is one of the three main estrogens produced in the human body. It is a naturally occurring compound that has been studied for its potential therapeutic uses, particularly in the treatment of cancer and autoimmune diseases.

Chemistry[edit | edit source]

2-Methoxyestriol is a hydroxylated metabolite of estradiol, meaning it has an additional hydroxyl group (-OH) attached to its molecular structure. This modification occurs in the liver through the action of the enzyme cytochrome P450.

Biological Activity[edit | edit source]

2-Methoxyestriol has been found to have anti-angiogenic and anti-inflammatory properties. Angiogenesis is the process by which new blood vessels form, and it plays a crucial role in the growth and spread of cancer. By inhibiting this process, 2-Methoxyestriol may help to slow the progression of cancer.

In addition, 2-Methoxyestriol has been shown to suppress the activity of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), a protein complex that controls the transcription of DNA and plays a key role in regulating the immune response to infection. This suggests that 2-Methoxyestriol may have potential as a treatment for autoimmune diseases.

Therapeutic Uses[edit | edit source]

Research into the therapeutic uses of 2-Methoxyestriol is ongoing. Early studies have suggested that it may be effective in treating a variety of conditions, including breast cancer, ovarian cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis. However, more research is needed to confirm these findings and to determine the most effective dosages and methods of administration.

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD