From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

2-Hydroxyflutamide is a pharmaceutical compound that acts as a potent antiandrogen, primarily used in the treatment of prostate cancer. It is an active metabolite of flutamide, which is a synthetic, nonsteroidal antiandrogen that was first introduced in the 1980s for medical use. 2-Hydroxyflutamide works by competitively inhibiting the action of androgens (male hormones) by binding to the androgen receptors in the target tissues, thereby preventing the stimulation of prostate cancer cells by these hormones.

Pharmacology[edit | edit source]

The pharmacological action of 2-Hydroxyflutamide is centered on its ability to act as a competitive antagonist of the androgen receptor. Androgens, such as testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), promote the growth of prostate cancer cells by binding to and activating the androgen receptor. By blocking this interaction, 2-Hydroxyflutamide inhibits the growth-promoting effects of androgens on prostate cancer cells.

Clinical Use[edit | edit source]

2-Hydroxyflutamide is primarily used in the management of advanced prostate cancer, often in combination with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist or orchiectomy (surgical removal of the testes), which reduces androgen production. This combination therapy is known as androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and is aimed at reducing the levels of circulating androgens to slow the progression of prostate cancer.

Side Effects[edit | edit source]

The use of 2-Hydroxyflutamide can be associated with several side effects, largely due to its antiandrogenic activity. Common side effects include gynecomastia (enlargement of male breast tissue), diarrhea, and liver toxicity. Liver function tests should be monitored regularly during treatment with 2-Hydroxyflutamide due to the risk of hepatotoxicity.

Chemistry[edit | edit source]

Chemically, 2-Hydroxyflutamide is a derivative of flutamide, with the addition of a hydroxyl group which significantly increases its antiandrogenic activity. Its chemical formula is C11H11F3N2O3, and it has a molecular weight of 276.21 g/mol.

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

2-Hydroxyflutamide represents an important tool in the management of prostate cancer, particularly in cases where androgen deprivation therapy is indicated. Its ability to inhibit the action of androgens on prostate cancer cells makes it a valuable component of combination therapies aimed at controlling the progression of this disease. However, the potential for side effects, particularly liver toxicity, necessitates careful monitoring during treatment.


Navigation: Wellness - Encyclopedia - Health topics - Disease Index‏‎ - Drugs - World Directory - Gray's Anatomy - Keto diet - Recipes

Search WikiMD

Ad.Tired of being Overweight? Try W8MD's physician weight loss program.
Semaglutide (Ozempic / Wegovy and Tirzepatide (Mounjaro / Zepbound) available.
Advertise on WikiMD

WikiMD is not a substitute for professional medical advice. See full disclaimer.

Credits:Most images are courtesy of Wikimedia commons, and templates Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY SA or similar.

Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD