2009 Guwahati bombings

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Assam in India

2009 Guwahati bombings were a series of explosive attacks that took place in Guwahati, the largest city of Assam, India, on April 6, 2009. These bombings resulted in numerous casualties and were part of a larger trend of violence in the northeastern region of India, which has a long history of insurgency and ethnic strife. The attacks targeted crowded market areas and a railroad station, aiming to cause maximum civilian casualties and disrupt peace in the region.

Background[edit | edit source]

Assam has been a region of unrest due to various ethnic and separatist insurgencies seeking independence or greater autonomy. The state has seen several violent incidents over the decades, attributed to militant groups such as the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) and the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB), among others. These groups have often targeted public places to instill fear and draw attention to their demands.

The Bombings[edit | edit source]

On the day of the attacks, multiple bombs exploded in quick succession in different areas of Guwahati, including the crowded Maligaon market and the Guwahati railway station. The bombings caused significant loss of life and injury to many. The nature of the attacks and the choice of targets indicated a well-planned effort to inflict harm and create a state of panic among the public.

Response[edit | edit source]

The immediate response involved emergency services rushing to the scenes of the bombings to provide medical aid to the injured and secure the areas. The state government and central government agencies initiated investigations to identify the perpetrators. Security measures in the region were heightened to prevent further attacks.

Aftermath[edit | edit source]

The 2009 Guwahati bombings led to a widespread condemnation from across the country. The government vowed to take stringent actions against the militant groups responsible for such acts of terrorism. In the aftermath, there were increased efforts to engage in peace talks with insurgent groups, aiming to address the underlying issues fueling the violence in Assam and the broader northeastern region of India.

See Also[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD