Breast augmentation

From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

Breast augmentation is a surgical procedure that involves the enlargement of the breasts. This is typically achieved through the insertion of breast implants or, in some cases, fat transfer.

History[edit | edit source]

The history of breast augmentation can be traced back to the late 19th century. However, the first silicone breast implants were not developed until the 1960s by two plastic surgeons from the United States, Frank Gerow and Thomas Cronin.

Procedure[edit | edit source]

Breast augmentation is usually performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon makes an incision in the breast, creates a pocket, and inserts the implant. The incision is then closed with sutures. The procedure typically takes one to two hours.

Types of Implants[edit | edit source]

There are two main types of breast implants: saline and silicone. Saline implants are filled with sterile salt water, while silicone implants are filled with a plastic gel. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Risks and Complications[edit | edit source]

Like any surgery, breast augmentation carries risks, including infection, changes in nipple or breast sensation, and complications related to anesthesia. Specific complications related to the implants include capsular contracture, implant leakage or rupture, and cosmetic concerns such as dissatisfaction with the size or shape of the breasts.

Recovery[edit | edit source]

Recovery from breast augmentation surgery typically takes several weeks. Patients are usually advised to avoid strenuous activity for at least a few weeks after surgery.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD