Cementoblastoma

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Cementoblastoma is a rare, benign neoplasm of the teeth, specifically the roots. It is characterized by the formation of cementum-like tissue, produced by neoplastic cementoblasts, attached to the roots of a tooth.

Etiology[edit | edit source]

The exact cause of cementoblastoma is unknown. However, it is believed to be related to the cementoblasts, the cells responsible for the formation of cementum, the hard tissue that covers the root of the tooth.

Clinical Features[edit | edit source]

Cementoblastoma typically presents as a painless swelling in the jaw. It is most commonly found in the lower jaw, particularly in the molar and premolar areas. The tumor is usually attached to the root of a tooth and can cause displacement of the affected tooth.

Diagnosis[edit | edit source]

The diagnosis of cementoblastoma is primarily based on radiographic findings. On a radiograph, the tumor appears as a well-defined radiopaque mass, attached to the root of a tooth. The tumor is surrounded by a thin radiolucent halo. Histological examination of the tumor is necessary for a definitive diagnosis.

Treatment[edit | edit source]

The treatment of choice for cementoblastoma is surgical removal of the tumor along with the affected tooth. This is necessary to prevent recurrence of the tumor.

Prognosis[edit | edit source]

The prognosis for cementoblastoma is generally good. However, recurrence can occur if the tumor is not completely removed.

See Also[edit | edit source]

Cementoblastoma Resources
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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD