Centi-

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Centi-

Centi- is a unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of one hundredth. The prefix, symbolized as "c", is derived from the Latin word "centum," meaning "hundred." It was adopted in 1795, and it is primarily used in various scientific and engineering contexts to express measurements that are one hundredth of a base unit.

Usage in Measurements[edit | edit source]

The centi- prefix is commonly used in the International System of Units (SI) to denote submultiples of units. Some of the most frequently encountered measurements using the centi- prefix include:

Historical Context[edit | edit source]

The adoption of the centi- prefix was part of the broader effort to standardize measurements during the French Revolution. The metric system was introduced to simplify and unify the diverse and often confusing array of units that were in use at the time.

Related Prefixes[edit | edit source]

The centi- prefix is part of a series of metric prefixes that denote various powers of ten. Other related prefixes include:

  • Milli- (m) - Denoting a factor of one thousandth (10^-3).
  • Deci- (d) - Denoting a factor of one tenth (10^-1).
  • Kilo- (k) - Denoting a factor of one thousand (10^3).

Applications[edit | edit source]

The centi- prefix is widely used in various fields, including:

  • Physics - For measurements of length, mass, and volume.
  • Chemistry - For expressing concentrations and quantities.
  • Engineering - For precise measurements in design and manufacturing.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

External Links[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD