Central facial palsy

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Central facial palsy is a neurological disorder that results in an inability to control facial muscles on the affected side. It is caused by damage to upper motor neurons of the facial nerve.

Causes[edit | edit source]

Central facial palsy is caused by damage to the upper motor neurons of the facial nerve. This damage can occur due to a variety of conditions, including stroke, brain tumor, multiple sclerosis, and traumatic brain injury.

Symptoms[edit | edit source]

The primary symptom of central facial palsy is an inability to control the facial muscles on the affected side. This can result in a variety of issues, including difficulty with facial expressions, difficulty speaking, and difficulty eating. Other symptoms can include drooping of the mouth and/or eye on the affected side, and loss of the sense of taste on the front two-thirds of the tongue.

Diagnosis[edit | edit source]

Diagnosis of central facial palsy typically involves a physical examination and a review of the patient's medical history. Additional tests, such as MRI or CT scan, may be used to confirm the diagnosis and determine the underlying cause.

Treatment[edit | edit source]

Treatment for central facial palsy focuses on addressing the underlying cause of the condition. This can involve medication, surgery, or other treatments depending on the specific cause. Physical therapy may also be used to help improve facial muscle control and function.

Prognosis[edit | edit source]

The prognosis for central facial palsy varies depending on the underlying cause of the condition. In some cases, patients may experience a complete recovery, while in others the condition may be permanent.

See also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD