Centrotemporal epilepsy

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Centrotemporal epilepsy, also known as Benign Rolandic Epilepsy or BRE, is a type of epilepsy that typically affects children between the ages of 3 and 13 years. It is characterized by seizures that originate in the rolandic area of the brain, which is responsible for controlling movements and sensations in the face and throat. This article provides a comprehensive overview of Centrotemporal epilepsy, including its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.

Symptoms[edit | edit source]

The hallmark symptom of Centrotemporal epilepsy is partial seizures that often occur during sleep or upon waking. These seizures may manifest as tingling, numbness, or twitching in the face or tongue, which can interfere with speech and cause drooling. In some cases, the seizures can spread and become generalized, leading to convulsions. Despite the alarming nature of the seizures, children are typically fully conscious during the episodes and have no memory of them afterward.

Diagnosis[edit | edit source]

Diagnosis of Centrotemporal epilepsy is primarily based on the clinical presentation of the seizures and the patient's medical history. Electroencephalogram (EEG) testing plays a crucial role in confirming the diagnosis, as it can detect the characteristic "centrotemporal spikes" associated with this condition. Imaging tests such as MRI may be used to rule out other potential causes of the symptoms.

Treatment[edit | edit source]

The treatment for Centrotemporal epilepsy often involves antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), although medication may not be necessary for all patients. In many cases, the condition resolves spontaneously by adolescence, and treatment focuses on managing the seizures until they subside. Lifestyle adjustments and seizure safety measures are also important aspects of managing Centrotemporal epilepsy.

Prognosis[edit | edit source]

The prognosis for children with Centrotemporal epilepsy is generally excellent. Most individuals outgrow the condition by the time they reach adolescence, with no lasting neurological effects. However, ongoing monitoring by a healthcare provider is recommended to adjust treatment as needed and to address any learning or behavioral issues that may arise.

See Also[edit | edit source]

Centrotemporal epilepsy Resources
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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD