Cerebellar ataxia areflexia pes cavus optic atrophy

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Cerebellar Ataxia Areflexia Pes Cavus Optic Atrophy (CAPOS) is a rare neurological disorder characterized by a combination of symptoms including cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, pes cavus, and optic atrophy. This condition is genetic in nature and follows an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance, meaning that only one copy of the altered gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the disorder.

Symptoms and Diagnosis[edit | edit source]

The primary symptoms of CAPOS syndrome include:

  • Cerebellar Ataxia: A condition that causes problems with balance, coordination, and speech.
  • Areflexia: The absence of neurologic reflexes such as the knee-jerk reaction.
  • Pes Cavus: An abnormally high arch of the foot that can lead to significant foot pain and disability.
  • Optic Atrophy: Damage to the optic nerve that can lead to vision loss.

Diagnosis of CAPOS syndrome is based on clinical evaluation, the presence of characteristic symptoms, and genetic testing to identify mutations in the relevant gene.

Genetics[edit | edit source]

CAPOS syndrome is caused by mutations in the ATP1A3 gene. This gene plays a crucial role in the proper function of nerve cells in the brain and other parts of the body. The ATP1A3 gene mutation leads to the dysfunction of ion pumps that are essential for maintaining the electrochemical gradient across cell membranes, which is critical for nerve cell signaling.

Treatment and Management[edit | edit source]

There is no cure for CAPOS syndrome, and treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Management strategies may include:

  • Physical therapy to improve mobility and manage symptoms of cerebellar ataxia.
  • Use of assistive devices to aid in walking and daily activities.
  • Medications to manage symptoms such as muscle spasticity.
  • Regular eye examinations and interventions to support vision.

Prognosis[edit | edit source]

The prognosis for individuals with CAPOS syndrome varies. While some individuals may experience a stable course with mild symptoms, others may have progressive symptoms that significantly impact quality of life. Early intervention and supportive care can help manage symptoms and improve the overall quality of life for those affected.

Cerebellar ataxia areflexia pes cavus optic atrophy Resources

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD