From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia


Croissant is a flaky, buttery pastry that originated in France. It is a staple breakfast food that has gained widespread popularity throughout the world. The crescent-shaped pastry is made from a yeast-leavened dough that is layered with butter and then rolled and folded repeatedly to create a light, airy texture.

History[edit | edit source]

The origin of the croissant is a subject of debate, with some historians attributing its invention to Austria or Hungary, while others claim that it was created in France. The word "croissant" means "crescent" in French, which refers to its crescent shape. It is said that the croissant was first made in Vienna during the 17th century to celebrate the defeat of the Ottoman Turks, who had been threatening the city. The crescent shape was chosen to represent the crescent moon on the Ottoman flag.

The croissant was introduced to France in the late 19th century, where it quickly became a popular breakfast pastry. It was further popularized in the 20th century by French bakers who perfected the art of making flaky, buttery croissants.


Ingredients[edit | edit source]

The traditional ingredients for croissants include:

Other optional ingredients can include milk, eggs, and honey.

Preparation[edit | edit source]

To make croissants, start by preparing the dough. Combine the flour, yeast, sugar, salt, and any other optional ingredients in a large bowl or stand mixer. Slowly add water and knead the dough until it is smooth and elastic.

Next, roll the dough out into a thin sheet and spread a layer of softened butter over it. Fold the dough in thirds, like a letter, and then roll it out again. Repeat this process several times, creating dozens of layers of butter and dough.

Cut the dough into triangular shapes and roll them up into crescent shapes. Brush the croissants with egg wash and let them rise for 30-45 minutes.

Bake the croissants in a preheated oven at 375°F (190°C) for 15-20 minutes, or until they are golden brown and flaky.


Variations[edit | edit source]

There are many variations of croissants, with different fillings and toppings. Some common variations include:

Serving Suggestions[edit | edit source]

Croissants are commonly served for breakfast or brunch, and can be enjoyed with coffee or tea. They are typically served warm or at room temperature, and can be eaten plain or with butter or jam.

Croissants can also be used as a base for sandwiches, such as ham and cheese croissants or turkey and avocado croissants. They can also be used as a base for desserts, such as chocolate croissant bread pudding or croissant French toast.


Health Benefits[edit | edit source]

Croissants are a high-calorie, high-fat food that should be enjoyed in moderation. They are a good source of carbohydrates and can provide a quick burst of energy, making them a popular breakfast food. However, they are also high in saturated fat and can contribute to weight gain and other health issues if consumed in excess.

To make croissants healthier, consider using whole wheat flour instead of white flour, and reducing the amount of butter used in the recipe. Croissants can also be enjoyed in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

Croissants are a delicious and popular pastry that originated in France and has since become a beloved breakfast food around the world. With its flaky, buttery texture and endless variations, the croissant is a versatile pastry that can be enjoyed in many different ways. Whether enjoyed plain or filled with chocolate or ham and cheese, croissants are sure to satisfy any pastry lover's cravings.

This article is a stub.

Help WikiMD grow by registering to expand it.
Editing is available only to registered and verified users.
About WikiMD: A comprehensive, free health & wellness encyclopedia.


Navigation: Wellness - Encyclopedia - Health topics - Disease Index‏‎ - Drugs - World Directory - Gray's Anatomy - Keto diet - Recipes

Search WikiMD

Ad.Tired of being Overweight? Try W8MD's physician weight loss program.
Semaglutide (Ozempic / Wegovy and Tirzepatide (Mounjaro) available.
Advertise on WikiMD

WikiMD is not a substitute for professional medical advice. See full disclaimer.

Credits:Most images are courtesy of Wikimedia commons, and templates Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY SA or similar.

Contributors: Admin, Prab R. Tumpati, MD