Crotyl alcohol

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Crotyl alcohol, also known as 2-buten-1-ol, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C4H8O. It is a type of alcohol that belongs to the group of alkenes due to the presence of a carbon-carbon double bond in its structure. Crotyl alcohol is a colorless liquid at room temperature and has a sharp, pungent odor. It is primarily used in the synthesis of other chemicals and has applications in the production of fragrances, flavors, and pharmaceuticals.

Properties[edit | edit source]

Crotyl alcohol is characterized by its physical and chemical properties which include:

  • Molecular Weight: 72.11 g/mol
  • Boiling Point: Approximately 97°C (207°F)
  • Density: 0.854 g/cm3
  • Solubility: Soluble in water and most organic solvents such as ethanol, ether, and chloroform.

Synthesis[edit | edit source]

Crotyl alcohol can be synthesized through several methods, including the hydrolysis of crotyl chloride or the hydrogenation of acrolein. Another common method involves the reduction of crotonaldehyde using reducing agents such as lithium aluminium hydride (LiAlH4).

Applications[edit | edit source]

The primary use of crotyl alcohol is as an intermediate in the synthesis of other chemical compounds. It is utilized in the manufacture of:

  • Fragrances and flavoring agents
  • Pharmaceuticals, particularly those that involve prostaglandin synthesis
  • Plasticizers and polymers
  • Agricultural chemicals

Safety[edit | edit source]

Handling crotyl alcohol requires caution due to its flammability and potential health hazards. It can cause irritation to the skin, eyes, and respiratory system upon exposure. Proper safety measures, including the use of personal protective equipment (PPE), are essential when working with this chemical.

Environmental Impact[edit | edit source]

The environmental impact of crotyl alcohol is primarily associated with its production and disposal. It is important to ensure that waste containing crotyl alcohol is treated properly to prevent contamination of water sources and soil.

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD