1-Decanol

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1-Decanol


1-Decanol is a straight chain fatty alcohol with ten carbon atoms and the structural formula CH3(CH2)9OH. It is a colorless to light yellow liquid that is insoluble in water and has a strong odor.

Chemical Properties[edit | edit source]

1-Decanol is a monohydric alcohol. It is a medium evaporating solvent. The alcohol is used as a defoaming agent in the manufacture of paper and detergents.

Uses[edit | edit source]

1-Decanol is used in the manufacture of plasticizers, lubricants, surfactants and solvents. Its ability to permeate the skin has led to its use in pharmaceuticals.

Health Effects[edit | edit source]

Exposure to 1-Decanol can cause irritation to the skin and eyes. Ingestion can lead to nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Long-term exposure can lead to more serious health effects such as liver and kidney damage.

Safety[edit | edit source]

When handling 1-Decanol, it is important to use proper protective equipment and to work in a well-ventilated area. In case of skin contact, wash with soap and water. In case of eye contact, rinse with plenty of water and seek medical attention if irritation persists.

See Also[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD