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18-Hydroxycortisol is a steroid and corticosteroid that is derived from cortisol. It is a product of the enzyme aldosterone synthase, which is primarily found in the adrenal glands. 18-Hydroxycortisol plays a significant role in the human body's response to stress and has been linked to conditions such as primary aldosteronism and hypertension.


Structure and Synthesis[edit | edit source]

18-Hydroxycortisol is a hydroxylated form of cortisol, meaning it has an additional hydroxyl group attached. This modification occurs in the adrenal glands under the action of the enzyme aldosterone synthase. The synthesis of 18-Hydroxycortisol is part of the larger steroidogenesis process, which involves the conversion of cholesterol into various steroid hormones.

Function[edit | edit source]

The primary function of 18-Hydroxycortisol is not fully understood. However, it is known to be involved in the body's response to stress. Like cortisol, it helps to regulate the body's metabolism, immune response, and response to stress. It is also involved in the regulation of blood pressure and electrolyte balance.

Clinical Significance[edit | edit source]

Elevated levels of 18-Hydroxortisol have been associated with conditions such as primary aldosteronism and hypertension. Primary aldosteronism, also known as Conn's syndrome, is a disorder of the adrenal glands that results in excessive production of the hormone aldosterone. This can lead to high blood pressure and low potassium levels.

In hypertension, or high blood pressure, increased levels of 18-Hydroxycortisol may be a result of the body's attempt to regulate blood pressure. However, further research is needed to fully understand the role of 18-Hydroxycortisol in these conditions.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]


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