2-Hexanone

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2-Hexanone


2-Hexanone (also known as Methyl n-butyl ketone, MBK, or propyl acetone) is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H12O. It is a colorless liquid with a slightly sharp odor. It is produced on a large scale industrially, although in the home it can be found in certain paints and varnishes.

Chemical Properties[edit | edit source]

2-Hexanone is a ketone, which is a type of organic compound that contains a carbonyl group (C=O) bonded to two other carbon atoms. It is a six-carbon molecule, with the ketone functional group located at the second carbon atom, hence the '2' in its name. It is a polar molecule due to the presence of the carbonyl group, and it has a higher boiling point than similar sized hydrocarbons.

Production[edit | edit source]

2-Hexanone is produced industrially by the oxidation of hexane, a process that also yields other useful ketones. It can also be produced in the laboratory by the oxidation of 2-hexanol.

Uses[edit | edit source]

2-Hexanone is used as a solvent in some industrial applications, due to its ability to dissolve a wide range of organic compounds. It is also used in the production of adhesives and sealants.

Health Effects[edit | edit source]

Exposure to 2-hexanone can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. It can also cause neurological damage if exposure is prolonged or in high concentrations. It is considered a hazardous substance and should be handled with care.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD