2-Pentanone

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2-Pentanone


2-Pentanone or methyl propyl ketone is an organic compound with the chemical formula C5H10O. It is a colorless liquid with a pleasant, somewhat fruity odor, and is a type of ketone.

Chemical Structure[edit | edit source]

2-Pentanone is a five-carbon molecule. The central carbon atom is double-bonded to an oxygen atom and single-bonded to two other carbon atoms. The remaining two carbon atoms are each bonded to three hydrogen atoms.

Properties[edit | edit source]

2-Pentanone is a clear, colorless liquid that is less dense than water and has a pleasant, fruity odor. It has a boiling point of 102°C and a melting point of -78°C. It is highly flammable and its vapors can be harmful if inhaled.

Uses[edit | edit source]

2-Pentanone is used as a solvent in some industrial applications, such as in the manufacture of paints and varnishes. It is also used in the production of perfumes and flavors, due to its pleasant, fruity odor.

Health Effects[edit | edit source]

Exposure to 2-Pentanone can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. Ingestion can lead to nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Long-term exposure can lead to damage to the liver and kidneys.

Safety[edit | edit source]

Due to its flammability and potential health effects, 2-Pentanone should be handled with care. It should be stored in a cool, well-ventilated area away from heat sources and open flames. Protective clothing, gloves, and eye protection should be worn when handling 2-Pentanone.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

External Links[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD