From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

20-Hydroxyecdysone (20E) is a naturally occurring ecdysteroid hormone which controls the ecdysis (moulting) and metamorphosis of arthropods. It is the primary moulting hormone of insects and plays a crucial role in their development.

Chemistry[edit | edit source]

20-Hydroxyecdysone is a member of the ecdysteroid family, a group of steroid hormones that are structurally similar to the vertebrate steroid hormones. It is synthesized from cholesterol in the prothoracic glands of insects. The chemical structure of 20-hydroxyecdysone is characterized by a hydroxyl group at the 20th carbon atom, hence its name.

Biological role[edit | edit source]

In insects, 20-hydroxyecdysone triggers the process of ecdysis, or moulting, which allows the insect to grow and develop. It also plays a key role in the process of metamorphosis, the transformation of an insect from its larval stage to its adult form.

20-Hydroxyecdysone is also found in many plants, where it acts as a natural defense mechanism against insect pests. When ingested by insects, it can disrupt their normal development and reproduction, effectively reducing their populations.

Medical and scientific research[edit | edit source]

Research has shown that 20-hydroxyecdysone has potential medical and scientific applications. It has been studied for its potential use in controlling insect pests, as well as for its potential benefits in human health and medicine. Some studies suggest that it may have anabolic effects, promoting muscle growth and regeneration. However, more research is needed to fully understand its effects and potential uses.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD