Ceratobasidium cereale

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Ceratobasidium cereale is a species of fungus in the family Ceratobasidiaceae. It is a plant pathogen that primarily affects cereal crops, including wheat, barley, and oats.

Taxonomy[edit | edit source]

The genus Ceratobasidium is part of the order Cantharellales, which also includes the well-known edible mushroom, chanterelle. The species name cereale refers to its association with cereal crops.

Description[edit | edit source]

Ceratobasidium cereale is a basidiomycete fungus, meaning it reproduces sexually through the formation of specialized cells called basidiospores. The fungus is typically white to cream in color and forms a dense, cottony mycelium.

Pathology[edit | edit source]

As a plant pathogen, Ceratobasidium cereale can cause significant damage to cereal crops. The fungus infects the plant through the roots, spreading through the plant's vascular system and causing symptoms such as wilting, yellowing of leaves, and reduced grain yield.

Management[edit | edit source]

Management of Ceratobasidium cereale in cereal crops typically involves a combination of cultural practices and chemical control. Cultural practices may include crop rotation, use of resistant varieties, and proper irrigation and fertilization to promote plant health. Chemical control often involves the use of fungicides.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD