Cerberus (protein)

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Cerberus is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CER1 gene. It is named after the mythical creature Cerberus due to its role in acting as a gatekeeper in embryonic development.

Function[edit | edit source]

Cerberus is a secreted glycoprotein that plays a crucial role in embryogenesis and organogenesis. It functions as a growth factor antagonist, specifically inhibiting the activity of several members of the TGF-beta family. This includes BMP, Nodal, and Activin. By doing so, it helps regulate the formation and differentiation of various tissues and organs during embryonic development.

Clinical Significance[edit | edit source]

Mutations in the CER1 gene have been associated with several congenital disorders, including left-right asymmetry defects and congenital heart disease. Studies have also suggested a potential role for Cerberus in cancer progression, particularly in the context of tumor growth and metastasis.

Interactions[edit | edit source]

Cerberus has been shown to interact with other proteins, including Chordin, Follistatin, and Noggin, further modulating the activity of TGF-beta family members.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD