Cristulariella moricola

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Cristulariella moricola is a fungal pathogen that causes leaf spot disease in a variety of plant species. It is a member of the Mycosphaerellaceae family and is known for its destructive impact on agriculture and horticulture.

Taxonomy[edit | edit source]

Cristulariella moricola belongs to the kingdom Fungi, division Ascomycota, class Dothideomycetes, order Capnodiales, and family Mycosphaerellaceae. The genus Cristulariella was first described by De Notaris in 1847, and Cristulariella moricola was first described by H. and P. Sydow in 1915.

Description[edit | edit source]

The fungus is characterized by its small, dark, and round fruiting bodies known as pycnidia. The spores of Cristulariella moricola are hyaline, aseptate, and have a smooth texture. The fungus is primarily known for causing leaf spot disease, which is characterized by the appearance of small, circular, and necrotic spots on the leaves of infected plants.

Distribution and Habitat[edit | edit source]

Cristulariella moricola has a wide distribution and has been reported in various parts of the world including North America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. It is commonly found in temperate regions and is associated with a wide range of host plants.

Pathogenicity[edit | edit source]

Cristulariella moricola is a pathogen of economic importance as it causes leaf spot disease in a variety of crops and ornamental plants. The disease can lead to significant yield losses in affected crops. The fungus infects the leaves of the host plant, leading to the formation of necrotic spots and premature leaf drop.

Management[edit | edit source]

Management of Cristulariella moricola involves a combination of cultural practices, chemical control, and biological control. Cultural practices include crop rotation and the removal of infected plant material. Chemical control involves the use of fungicides, while biological control involves the use of biocontrol agents such as Trichoderma species.

See Also[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD