1-Aminopentane

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1-Aminopentane, also known as pentylamine, is a chemical compound with the formula C5H13N. It is an alkylamine and a primary amine, which means it has one amine group attached to its molecule. 1-Aminopentane is a colorless liquid with a strong, unpleasant odor. It is used in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and other organic compounds.

Chemical Properties[edit | edit source]

1-Aminopentane is a primary amine that consists of pentane carrying an amino substituent at position 1. It has a role as a protic solvent. It is a primary aliphatic amine and a member of pentanes. It derives from a hydride of pentane.

Synthesis[edit | edit source]

1-Aminopentane can be synthesized through the reaction of pentanal with ammonia. This reaction is typically carried out in the presence of a catalyst, such as hydrogen peroxide.

Uses[edit | edit source]

1-Aminopentane is used in the synthesis of a variety of pharmaceuticals, including antidepressants, antihistamines, and antibiotics. It is also used in the production of other organic compounds, such as plasticizers, resins, and dyes.

Safety[edit | edit source]

1-Aminopentane is a flammable liquid and can cause burns and eye damage. It is harmful if inhaled, swallowed, or comes into contact with skin. Proper safety measures should be taken when handling this chemical.

See Also[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD