10q26 deletion

From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

Autosomal dominant - en

10q26 deletion syndrome is a rare chromosomal abnormality characterized by the deletion of the long arm (q) of chromosome 10, specifically in the 26th band, hence the name 10q26 deletion syndrome. This genetic disorder can lead to a wide range of developmental, physical, and intellectual disabilities, with symptoms and severity varying significantly among affected individuals.

Causes[edit | edit source]

The 10q26 deletion syndrome is caused by a missing segment on the 26th band of the q arm of chromosome 10. This deletion can occur randomly for unknown reasons (de novo) or can be inherited from a parent who carries a rearrangement of chromosome 10. The size of the deletion varies among individuals, which contributes to the variability in symptoms and severity of the syndrome.

Symptoms[edit | edit source]

Symptoms of 10q26 deletion syndrome can vary widely but often include:

Because the 10q26 region contains several genes important for normal development, the deletion of these genes can disrupt normal growth and development processes.

Diagnosis[edit | edit source]

Diagnosis of 10q26 deletion syndrome is typically made through genetic testing, including karyotyping and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), or more advanced techniques such as chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) which can identify the specific deletion on chromosome 10. Early diagnosis is crucial for managing symptoms and providing appropriate care and support.

Treatment[edit | edit source]

There is no cure for 10q26 deletion syndrome, and treatment focuses on managing symptoms and improving quality of life. This may include:

  • Early intervention programs for developmental delays
  • Educational support
  • Physical therapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Surgery to correct physical anomalies such as congenital heart defects or cleft palate
  • Regular monitoring and treatment for any health issues associated with the syndrome

Prognosis[edit | edit source]

The prognosis for individuals with 10q26 deletion syndrome varies depending on the size of the deletion and the genes affected. Some individuals may live relatively healthy lives with appropriate treatment and support, while others may face significant health challenges.

Research[edit | edit source]

Research into 10q26 deletion syndrome is ongoing, with scientists studying the specific genes involved in the deletion and their roles in development and disease. Understanding these genetic factors may lead to better diagnostic tools and treatments in the future.


Navigation: Wellness - Encyclopedia - Health topics - Disease Index‏‎ - Drugs - World Directory - Gray's Anatomy - Keto diet - Recipes

Search WikiMD

Ad.Tired of being Overweight? Try W8MD's physician weight loss program.
Semaglutide (Ozempic / Wegovy and Tirzepatide (Mounjaro / Zepbound) available.
Advertise on WikiMD

WikiMD is not a substitute for professional medical advice. See full disclaimer.

Credits:Most images are courtesy of Wikimedia commons, and templates Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY SA or similar.

Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD