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2-Nitrodiphenylamine is an organic compound with the chemical formula C12H10N2O2. It is a yellow solid that is used as an antioxidant for rubber and other materials.

Chemical Structure[edit | edit source]

The chemical structure of 2-Nitrodiphenylamine consists of two phenyl groups attached to a nitro and an amine. The nitro group is a functional group consisting of one nitrogen atom and two oxygen atoms, while the amine group consists of one nitrogen atom and two hydrogen atoms.

Synthesis[edit | edit source]

2-Nitrodiphenylamine can be synthesized through the nitration of diphenylamine. This process involves the reaction of diphenylamine with nitric acid in the presence of sulfuric acid as a catalyst.

Uses[edit | edit source]

2-Nitrodiphenylamine is primarily used as an antioxidant in the production of rubber and other materials. It helps to prevent the oxidation of these materials, thereby increasing their lifespan and durability.

Safety[edit | edit source]

Exposure to 2-Nitrodiphenylamine can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. It is also classified as a potential carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Therefore, proper safety measures should be taken when handling this compound.

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD