Cemento-osseous dysplasia

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Periapical radiopaque-hyperdense jaw lesions

Cemento-osseous dysplasia, often abbreviated as COD, is a benign fibro-osseous condition that affects the jawbones, particularly the mandible and maxilla. This article provides an overview of cemento-osseous dysplasia, including its subtypes, clinical features, diagnosis, and management.

Subtypes of Cemento-Osseous Dysplasia[edit | edit source]

Cemento-osseous dysplasia is categorized into three main subtypes based on its location within the jawbones:

Clinical Features[edit | edit source]

Cemento-osseous dysplasia is generally asymptomatic and is often discovered during routine dental examinations or radiographs. However, some common clinical features may include:

  • Painless swelling: In some cases, there may be mild swelling of the affected jaw area.
  • Discoloration: The overlying gingiva may appear normal or slightly discolored.
  • Radiographic findings: Radiographs typically reveal characteristic patterns of radiopacity and radiolucency.

Diagnosis[edit | edit source]

Diagnosis of cemento-osseous dysplasia is based on clinical and radiographic findings. Biopsy is generally not recommended due to the benign and asymptomatic nature of the condition.

Management and Treatment[edit | edit source]

Cemento-osseous dysplasia does not typically require treatment unless it causes discomfort or interferes with dental procedures. Management may include:

  • Regular monitoring: Routine dental radiographs to monitor the progression of the condition.
  • Dental prosthesis: In cases where teeth are affected, dental prosthesis or implants may be considered.

See Also[edit | edit source]

Cemento-osseous dysplasia Resources


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD