Cerebral vascular disease

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Cerebral vascular disease refers to a group of conditions that affect the circulation of blood to the brain, causing limited or no blood flow to affected areas of the brain. These conditions can lead to serious outcomes such as stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), or sometimes even death.

Causes[edit | edit source]

Cerebral vascular diseases are generally caused by conditions that affect the blood vessels, including atherosclerosis, embolism, and aneurysm. Other factors that can contribute to the development of these diseases include hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking, and family history of heart disease.

Types[edit | edit source]

There are several types of cerebral vascular disease, including:

  • Stroke: This is the most common type of cerebral vascular disease. It occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts, causing a lack of blood flow to a part of the brain.
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA): Also known as a mini-stroke, a TIA is caused by a temporary blockage of blood flow to the brain.
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: This type of stroke is caused by bleeding in the space surrounding the brain.
  • Vascular Dementia: This is a general term describing problems with reasoning, planning, judgment, memory and other thought processes caused by brain damage from impaired blood flow to your brain.

Symptoms[edit | edit source]

Symptoms of cerebral vascular disease can vary depending on the specific type of disease and the area of the brain that is affected. Common symptoms include sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body, confusion, trouble speaking or understanding speech, difficulty seeing in one or both eyes, and severe headache with no known cause.

Treatment[edit | edit source]

Treatment for cerebral vascular disease depends on the specific type of disease, the severity of the symptoms, and the overall health of the patient. Treatment options may include medication, lifestyle changes, or surgery.

Prevention[edit | edit source]

Prevention of cerebral vascular disease involves managing risk factors. This can include maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise, quitting smoking, and controlling conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol.


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD