Cerebrovascular disorders

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Cerebrovascular disorders are a group of conditions, diseases, and disorders that affect the blood vessels and blood supply to the brain. If a blood vessel leading to the brain becomes blocked or bursts, a part of the brain may not receive the necessary blood and oxygen it needs to function, leading to a cerebrovascular disorder.

Types of Cerebrovascular Disorders[edit | edit source]

There are several types of cerebrovascular disorders, including:

  • Stroke: This is the most common type of cerebrovascular disorder. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts, preventing blood flow to a part of the brain.
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA): Also known as a mini-stroke, a TIA is a temporary interruption of blood flow to part of the brain.
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: This is a type of stroke caused by bleeding in the area between the brain and the thin tissues that cover it.
  • Vascular Dementia: This is a general term describing problems with reasoning, planning, judgment, memory and other thought processes caused by brain damage from impaired blood flow to your brain.

Causes and Risk Factors[edit | edit source]

Cerebrovascular disorders can be caused by a number of factors, including atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, and heart disease. Age, family history, and lifestyle choices can also increase the risk of developing these disorders.

Symptoms[edit | edit source]

Symptoms of cerebrovascular disorders can vary depending on the type of disorder and the area of the brain that is affected. Common symptoms include sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body, confusion, trouble speaking or understanding, trouble seeing in one or both eyes, trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, and severe headache with no known cause.

Diagnosis and Treatment[edit | edit source]

Diagnosis of cerebrovascular disorders typically involves a physical examination, medical history, and imaging tests such as a computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Treatment options can include medication, lifestyle changes, and in some cases, surgery.

Prevention[edit | edit source]

Prevention of cerebrovascular disorders primarily involves managing risk factors. This can include maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise, quitting smoking, and controlling high blood pressure and diabetes.


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD