1,6-Hexanediol

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1,6-Hexanediol


1,6-Hexanediol is an organic compound that is classified as a diol. It is a colorless crystalline solid that is soluble in water and polar organic solvents. It is produced on an industrial scale for use in the production of polyesters and polyurethanes.

Chemical Structure[edit | edit source]

1,6-Hexanediol has the chemical formula HO-CH2-(CH2)4-CH2-OH. It consists of a six-carbon chain (hexane) with a hydroxyl group (-OH) attached to each end of the chain. This structure gives 1,6-Hexanediol its diol properties.

Production[edit | edit source]

1,6-Hexanediol is produced industrially by the hydrogenation of adipic acid or its ester derivatives. The process involves the use of a catalyst, typically ruthenium or rhodium, and high pressure hydrogen gas.

Applications[edit | edit source]

1,6-Hexanediol is used primarily in the production of polyesters and polyurethanes. It is also used as a reactive diluent in UV-curable resins and inks, and as a building block in the synthesis of other chemical compounds.

Safety[edit | edit source]

1,6-Hexanediol is generally considered to be of low toxicity. However, it can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. It is recommended that appropriate safety measures be taken when handling this chemical.

See Also[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD