2,2-Dimethylbutane

From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

2,2-Dimethylbutane is an organic compound that belongs to the class of hydrocarbons known as alkanes. It is a structural isomer of hexane, and is often used as a standard in various types of spectroscopy.

Structure and Properties[edit | edit source]

2,2-diméthylbutane
  • 2,2-Dimethylbutane has a branched structure, with a central carbon atom bonded to two methyl groups and two other carbon atoms. This structure gives it a unique set of physical and chemical properties.
  • The molecular formula of 2,2-dimethylbutane is C6H14. It has a molar mass of approximately 86.18 g/mol. The compound is a colorless liquid at room temperature and has a boiling point of 58 °C (136.4 °F).

Synthesis and Reactions[edit | edit source]

  • 2,2-Dimethylbutane can be synthesized through the alkylation of isobutane with ethylene. This reaction is typically carried out in the presence of a strong acid catalyst.
  • In terms of reactivity, 2,2-dimethylbutane undergoes typical reactions of alkanes, such as combustion and free radical halogenation. However, due to its branched structure, it is less reactive than its linear isomers.
2,2-Dimethylbutane-3D-spacefill

Uses[edit | edit source]

2,2-Dimethylbutane is primarily used as a reference compound in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. It is also used as a component in some types of fuel due to its high octane rating.

Safety and Environmental Impact[edit | edit source]

  • Like other alkanes, 2,2-dimethylbutane is highly flammable. It can cause irritation if it comes into contact with the skin or eyes, and can be harmful if inhaled or ingested.
  • In the environment, 2,2-dimethylbutane can contribute to air pollution if it is not properly controlled. It is not considered to be a persistent environmental pollutant, as it readily undergoes photodegradation in the atmosphere.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]


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