From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

2,5-Hexanedione is an organic compound that is commonly used as a chemical intermediate in the production of some types of polymers. It is a colorless liquid with a slightly sweet odor and is a diketone of hexane.

Chemical Structure and Properties[edit | edit source]

2,5-Hexanedione (C6H10O2) is a diketone with the molecular formula C6H10O2. It has a molar mass of 114.14 g/mol. The compound is a colorless liquid at room temperature and has a slightly sweet odor. It is soluble in water and most organic solvents.

Production[edit | edit source]

2,5-Hexanedione is produced industrially by the oxidation of n-hexane or methyl ethyl ketone. The process involves the use of a catalyst, typically a metal such as palladium or platinum, and an oxidizing agent such as oxygen or hydrogen peroxide.

Uses[edit | edit source]

The primary use of 2,5-hexanedione is as a chemical intermediate in the production of certain types of polymers. These include polyurethanes, polyesters, and acrylics. It is also used in the synthesis of other organic compounds.

Health Effects[edit | edit source]

Exposure to 2,5-hexanedione can have adverse health effects. It is known to cause neurotoxicity, leading to symptoms such as dizziness, headache, and nausea. Long-term exposure can lead to more serious conditions such as peripheral neuropathy.

Safety[edit | edit source]

Due to its potential health effects, safety measures should be taken when handling 2,5-hexanedione. This includes the use of personal protective equipment such as gloves and eye protection, and adequate ventilation in the work area.

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD