Central nervous system tumor

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Central nervous system tumor is a type of neoplasm that occurs in the central nervous system (CNS), which includes the brain and spinal cord. These tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) and can occur at any age.

Types of Central Nervous System Tumors[edit | edit source]

There are many types of central nervous system tumors. Some of the most common include:

  • Gliomas: These are the most common type of CNS tumor. They originate from the glial cells, which support and protect the neurons in the brain and spinal cord.
  • Meningiomas: These tumors grow from the meninges, the layers of tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord.
  • Pituitary Tumors: These tumors occur in the pituitary gland, which is located at the base of the brain.
  • Medulloblastomas: These are malignant tumors that primarily occur in children and originate in the cerebellum, the part of the brain responsible for balance and coordination.

Symptoms[edit | edit source]

The symptoms of a central nervous system tumor can vary widely depending on the size and location of the tumor. Common symptoms can include headache, nausea, vomiting, seizures, and changes in personality or behavior.

Diagnosis[edit | edit source]

Diagnosis of a central nervous system tumor typically involves a neurological exam, imaging tests such as MRI or CT scan, and often a biopsy to determine the type and grade of the tumor.

Treatment[edit | edit source]

Treatment options for central nervous system tumors depend on the type, size, and location of the tumor, as well as the patient's overall health. Treatment can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these.

Prognosis[edit | edit source]

The prognosis for a person with a central nervous system tumor depends on many factors, including the type and grade of the tumor, the person's age and overall health, and how much of the tumor can be removed or destroyed by treatment.


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD