1977 Russian flu

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1977 Russian Flu

The 1977 Russian flu was a pandemic that occurred in the year 1977, primarily affecting individuals under the age of 25. The virus responsible for the pandemic was identified as an H1N1 strain of the Influenza A virus. This strain was similar to the one that caused the 1918 flu pandemic, also known as the Spanish flu.

Origin[edit | edit source]

The 1977 Russian flu originated in the northeastern region of China and quickly spread to Russia, hence the name. The virus was first identified in May 1977 and by November of the same year, it had spread globally.

Impact[edit | edit source]

The 1977 Russian flu primarily affected children and young adults who had no prior immunity to the H1N1 strain. The pandemic resulted in a significant increase in morbidity but had a relatively low mortality rate. The majority of deaths occurred in individuals with pre-existing health conditions.

Response and Aftermath[edit | edit source]

The global response to the 1977 Russian flu was swift, with many countries implementing vaccination programs. The World Health Organization played a crucial role in coordinating the response and providing guidance to affected countries. The pandemic highlighted the need for ongoing surveillance of influenza viruses and the importance of rapid vaccine production.

In the aftermath of the pandemic, the H1N1 strain continued to circulate globally as a seasonal flu virus. It was eventually replaced by the H1N1/09 virus in 2009.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD