Cenarchaeaceae

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Cenarchaeaceae[edit | edit source]

The Cenarchaeaceae is a family of archaea that belongs to the phylum Thaumarchaeota. They are known for their unique metabolic capabilities and their role in the nitrogen cycle. This article will provide an overview of the Cenarchaeaceae, including their taxonomy, characteristics, and ecological significance.

Taxonomy[edit | edit source]

The Cenarchaeaceae family was first described in 2006 by a group of scientists studying marine archaea. It is classified under the phylum Thaumarchaeota, which is a recently discovered phylum of archaea that is distinct from other known archaeal groups. The family Cenarchaeaceae currently contains two genera: Cenarchaeum and Nitrosopumilus.

Characteristics[edit | edit source]

Members of the Cenarchaeaceae family are small, single-celled organisms that are typically found in marine environments. They have a unique cellular structure, with a single flagellum that allows them to move through the water column. Cenarchaeaceae archaea are also known for their ability to oxidize ammonia, a process known as ammonia oxidation. This metabolic capability is of great ecological significance, as it plays a crucial role in the global nitrogen cycle.

Ecological Significance[edit | edit source]

Cenarchaeaceae archaea are key players in the nitrogen cycle, particularly in marine environments. They are responsible for the first step of nitrification, the conversion of ammonia to nitrite. This process is important because it transforms ammonia, which is toxic to many organisms, into a less toxic form. The nitrite produced by Cenarchaeaceae archaea is then further converted to nitrate by other microorganisms, completing the nitrification process.

The ecological significance of Cenarchaeaceae archaea extends beyond their role in the nitrogen cycle. They are also known to form symbiotic relationships with marine organisms, such as sponges and corals. These symbiotic associations are thought to provide benefits to both the archaea and their host organisms, although the exact nature of these interactions is still being studied.

Internal Links[edit | edit source]

To further explore the topic of Cenarchaeaceae, you may find the following internal links helpful:

- Thaumarchaeota: Learn more about the phylum to which the Cenarchaeaceae family belongs. - Ammonia Oxidation: Discover more about the metabolic capability that sets Cenarchaeaceae archaea apart. - Nitrification: Explore the broader process of nitrogen conversion in the environment. - Symbiosis: Understand the symbiotic relationships that Cenarchaeaceae archaea form with other organisms.

Categories and Templates[edit | edit source]

To ensure easy navigation and organization of information, the Cenarchaeaceae article can be categorized under the following categories:

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These templates will provide relevant information and links to related articles, making it easier for readers to explore the broader context of the Cenarchaeaceae family.

References[edit | edit source]

1. Schleper C, Nicol GW. "Ammonia-oxidising archaea--physiology, ecology and evolution." Advances in microbial physiology. 2010;57:1-41. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-381045-8.00001-0. 2. Santoro AE, Casciotti KL, Francis CA. "Activity, abundance and diversity of nitrifying archaea and bacteria in the central California Current." Environmental microbiology. 2010;12(7):1989-2006. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2010.02205.x.

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD