From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

(RS)-1-Octen-3-ol FormulaV1

1-Octen-3-ol, also known as mushroom alcohol, is a volatile organic compound with the molecular formula C_8H_16O. It is a secondary alcohol and is found in nature as a minor component of various essential oils and as a flavor compound in mushrooms. 1-Octen-3-ol is known for its distinctive odor, which is similar to that of mushrooms, and it is used in the flavoring and perfume industries to impart a fresh, mushroom-like smell.

Properties[edit | edit source]

1-Octen-3-ol has a molecular weight of 128.22 g/mol and exists as a colorless liquid at room temperature. It has a boiling point of approximately 178-179 °C and is slightly soluble in water, but more soluble in organic solvents such as ethanol and diethyl ether.

Biosynthesis and Occurrence[edit | edit source]

This compound is biosynthesized by the oxidation of oct-1-en in various fungi and plants. It is most commonly associated with mushrooms, hence its nickname "mushroom alcohol", but it can also be found in a variety of other sources such as certain types of algae and lichens.

In nature, 1-Octen-3-ol serves multiple functions, including acting as an attractant for insects. It is particularly noted for its ability to attract mosquitoes, which has implications for research into mosquito control methods.

Uses[edit | edit source]

      1. Flavoring and Fragrance Industry###

1-Octen-3-ol is widely used in the flavoring and fragrance industry. Due to its earthy, mushroom-like aroma, it is added to food products, beverages, and perfumes to impart a fresh, natural scent or flavor. Its application is not just limited to mushroom-flavored products; it can also be used to enhance the aroma of other natural products.

      1. Research and Other Uses###

In scientific research, 1-Octen-3-ol is used as a lure in mosquito traps to study mosquito behavior and control mosquito populations. Its effectiveness in attracting mosquitoes makes it a valuable tool in vector control strategies and in understanding the mechanisms behind mosquito attraction to humans and other animals.

Safety and Toxicology[edit | edit source]

While 1-Octen-3-ol is generally considered safe for use in flavorings and fragrances, its safety profile depends on the concentration and manner of use. Like many volatile organic compounds, it should be handled with care to avoid inhalation or skin contact in concentrated forms. There is ongoing research into the potential effects of long-term exposure to 1-Octen-3-ol, especially in occupational settings.

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD