Portal:Dentistry-Dentistry topics

From WikiMD's Wellnesspedia

Dentistry, also known as dental medicine and oral medicine, is a branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity.

dentist with a patient
The official emblem of dentistry

Branches of dentistry[edit | edit source]

  • Oral surgery: the branch dealing with surgical treatment of oral and facial conditions.
  • Orthodontics: focuses on correcting teeth and jaws that are positioned improperly.
  • Periodontics: concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases affecting the gums.
  • Prosthodontics: focuses on the design, manufacture, and fitting of artificial replacements for teeth and other parts of the mouth.
  • Pediatric dentistry: dental care for children and adolescents.
Dentist

Important procedures[edit | edit source]

  • Dental fillings: a treatment to restore the function and morphology of missing tooth structure.
  • Root canal: a treatment to save a badly infected or damaged tooth.
  • Tooth extraction: the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone.
  • Teeth whitening: cosmetic procedure to lighten teeth.
Traveling Dentist Working on Student

Common dental problems[edit | edit source]

  • Dental cavities: permanent damage to teeth that leads to tiny holes.
  • Gum disease: inflammation of the gum tissue.
  • Tooth sensitivity: discomfort or pain in teeth when encountering certain substances and temperatures.

Dental equipment and tools[edit | edit source]

  • Dental chair: a chair designed for the patient to sit in during dental procedures.
  • Dental drill: a tool used to remove decay and shape the tooth.
  • Dental x-ray: a type of radiography used to visualize internal structures of the oral cavity.

Dentistry and society[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  • "Introduction to dentistry and the dental profession." american dental association.
  • "Branches of dentistry." dental council of india.
  • "Common dental procedures." world health organization.

External links[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD