Type 2 diabetes

From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

What is diabetes[edit | edit source]

Main symptoms of diabetes

Diebetes mellitus type - II, also called adult onset diabetes, may be a womb-to-tomb (chronic) disease within which there's a high level of sugar (glucose) within the blood. sort two diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, is that the commonest type of diabetes, caused by insulin resistance,.

What causes diabetes[edit | edit source]

insulin may be a secretion created within the exocrine gland by special cells, known as beta cells. The exocrine gland is behind the abdomen. internal secretion is required to maneuver blood glucose (glucose) into cells. There, it's hold on and later used for energy.

Types of diabetes[edit | edit source]

When you have sort two diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, your fat, liver, and muscle cells don't respond properly to internal secretion. this is often known as internal secretion resistance. As a result, blood glucose doesn't get into these cells to be hold on for energy.

Incidence of diabetes[edit | edit source]

About 8 percent of the entire population in the United States has diabetes mellitus type 2 while about 35 percent have metabolic syndrome, or prediabetes. Another third of the population have significant compensation to insulin resistance leading to weight gain as insulin is an anabolic hormone.

Slow progression of diabetes[edit | edit source]

Type two diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, sometimes happens slowly over time. the general public with the malady square measure overweight once they square measure diagnosed. increased fat makes it more durable for your body to use internal secretion the right means.

Type two diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, may develop in those that square measure skinny. this is often additional common within the older.

Genetic factors[edit | edit source]

Although family history and genes play a an important role in the pathogenesis of this condition called diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, studies have shown that up to 90 percent of diabetes is reversible through weight loss and other lifestyle interventions. Low activity level, poor diet, and excess weight round the waist increase your probability of obtaining the malady.

Symptoms of diabetes[edit | edit source]

People with sort two diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, typically haven't any symptoms initially as they will not have symptoms for several years.

Early symptoms of diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, could include:

Bladder, kidney, skin, or different infections that square measure additional frequent or heal slowly

  • Fatigue
  • Hunger
  • Increased thirst called polydipsia
  • Increased evacuation or need to urinate called polyuria

Rethinking Our Dietary Approach

Shifting focus from individual blame to understanding the complexities of obesity is crucial. A key factor is insulin resistance, impacting up to 71% of the population, with 35% experiencing metabolic syndrome.

Navigating Misinformation

The overwhelming presence of over 20,000 books and mixed messages on obesity medicine calls for guidance from experts like Dr Prab R. Tumpati, MD, who can provide clarity on the science and practice of this field.

The Downfall of the Food Guide Pyramid

The outdated and ineffective food guide pyramid, promoting a low-fat but high-glycemic diet, significantly contributed to increased insulin resistance and, consequently, weight gain.

Insulin resistance and weight gain

Insulin resistance is a physiological condition where the body's cells become less responsive to the hormone insulin. As insulin not only controls the blood sugar, it also controls the weight! Reducing the overall carbohydrate load and insulin levels is a key underlying concept in many low carbohydrate diets such as the ketogenic diet.

The Blame Game in Obesity

Understanding metabolic starvation

Weight gain isn't typically intentional. It often stems from the paradox of metabolic starvation in the obese, driven by insulin resistance and resulting in heightened insulin levels. This leads to persistent hunger, cravings, and further weight gain. Stop blaming the victim for obesity!

The first symptom may additionally be:

  • Blurred vision
  • Erectile pathology
  • Pain or symptom within the feet or hands
  • Exams and Tests

Your health care supplier could suspect that you simply have diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, if your blood glucose level is on top of two hundred mg/dL. to verify the diagnosing, one or additional of the subsequent tests should be done.

Diabetes blood tests:[edit | edit source]

  • Fasting blood sugar level -- diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, is diagnosed if it's on top of 126 mg/dL twofold
  • Hemoglobin A1C take a look at -- Diabetes: half-dozen.5% or higher
  • Oral dextrose or glucose tolerance take a look at -- diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, is diagnosed if dextrose or glucose level is on top of two hundred mg/dL two hours once drinking a special sugar drink
  • Diabetes screening is usually recommended for:

Even kids get type 2 diabetes[edit | edit source]

Although traditionally thought to be an adult onset disease, increasingly, more and more kids, especially teenagers, are getting type 2 diabetes.

Learning diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, management skills can assist you live well with diabetes.

Management of diabetes[edit | edit source]

Checking your blood glucose levels yourself and writing down the results tells you ways well you're managing your diabetes, caused by insulin resistance,. visit your doctor and diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, professional regarding however typically to envision.

To check your blood glucose level, you employ a tool known as a dextrose or glucose meter. Usually, you prick your finger with atiny low needle known as a lancet. this provides you a small drop of blood. You place the blood on a take a look at strip and place the strip into the meter. The meter offers you a reading that tells you the extent of your blood glucose.

Most people with sort two diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, solely have to be compelled to check their blood glucose once or doubly every day. If your blood glucose level is in restraint, you will solely have to be compelled to check it many times every week. You may take a look at yourself once you get up, before meals, and at time of day. You may have to be compelled to take a look at additional typically once you square measure sick or below stress. Keep a record of your blood glucose for yourself and your health care supplier. supported your numbers, changes may have to be created to your meals, activity or medicines to stay your blood glucose level within the right vary.

DIET AND WEIGHT MANAGEMENT[edit | edit source]

Work closely along with your doctor, nurse, and specializer to be told what proportion fat, protein, and carbohydrates you would like in your diet. Your meal plans ought to suit your life style and habits and will embody foods that you simply like.

Managing your weight and having a well-balanced diet square measure vital. Some folks with sort two diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, will stop taking medicines once losing weight. This doesn't mean that their diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, is cured. They still have diabetes, caused by insulin resistance,.

Very weighty patients whose diabetes, caused by insulin resistance, isn't well managed with diet and medication could contemplate weight loss (bariatric) surgery.


Regular activity is very important for everybody. it's even additional vital once you have diabetes, caused by insulin resistance,. Reasons why exercise is sweet for your health:

  • Lowers your blood glucose level while not medication
  • Burns further calories and fat to assist manage your weight
  • Improves blood flow and pressure
  • Increases your energy
  • Improves your ability to handle stress

MEDICATIONS TO TREAT diabetes, caused by insulin resistance[edit | edit source]

If diet and exercise don't facilitate keep your blood glucose at traditional or near-normal levels, your doctor could bring down medication. Since these medication facilitate lower your blood glucose levels in several ways in which, your doctor could have you ever take over one drug.

Some of the foremost common styles of medication to be taken orally or injection.

  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
  • Biguanides
  • DPP IV inhibitors
  • Injectable medicines
  • Meglitinides
  • Sulfonylureas
  • Thiazolidinediones

You may have to be compelled to take internal secretion if your blood glucose can not be controlled with any of the higher than medicines. internal secretion should be injected below the skin employing a syringe, internal secretion pen, or pump. It can not be taken orally as a result of the acid within the abdomen destroys internal secretion.

Type 2 diabetes Resources
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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD