Central giant-cell granuloma

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Central giant-cell granuloma (CGCG) is a benign oral condition that involves the jaw or mandible. It is characterized by the presence of numerous multinucleated giant cells within a background of mononuclear stromal cells and extravasated red blood cells.

Etiology[edit | edit source]

The exact cause of CGCG is unknown. However, it is believed to be a reactive process rather than a true neoplasm. Some researchers suggest that it may be related to trauma or irritation, but this theory is not universally accepted.

Clinical Features[edit | edit source]

CGCG typically presents as a painless swelling or enlargement of the jaw. It may cause displacement of teeth, root resorption, and occasionally pain or paresthesia. The lesion is often discovered during routine dental radiographs, where it appears as a radiolucent area.

Diagnosis[edit | edit source]

Diagnosis of CGCG is based on clinical, radiographic, and histopathological findings. Radiographically, the lesion appears as a well-defined or ill-defined radiolucent area, often with a multilocular appearance. Histologically, the lesion is characterized by the presence of numerous multinucleated giant cells in a background of mononuclear stromal cells and extravasated red blood cells.

Treatment[edit | edit source]

Treatment options for CGCG include surgical curettage, resection, and intralesional steroid injections. The choice of treatment depends on the size and location of the lesion, as well as the patient's age and general health.

Prognosis[edit | edit source]

The prognosis for CGCG is generally good, with a low recurrence rate after treatment. However, larger lesions and those treated with curettage alone may have a higher recurrence rate.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]







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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD