(Redirected from Plastic Surgery)
Plastic surgery is a multifaceted specialty in the medical field dedicated to the reconstruction, restoration, and modification of various parts of the human body. It encompasses two distinct yet closely intertwined branches: reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery.
Reconstructive surgery primarily focuses on rectifying functional impairments caused by burns, traumatic injuries, congenital abnormalities, and disease or cancer treatments like mastectomy. It involves several sub-specialties including but not limited to:
- Craniofacial surgery: Primarily concerned with structures of the head, skull, face, neck and jaws.
- Hand surgery: Deals with both surgical and non-surgical treatment of conditions and problems that may take place in the hand or upper extremity (commonly from the tip of the hand to the shoulder).
- Microsurgery: Involves the reconstruction of missing tissues by transferring a piece of tissue to the reconstruction site and reconnecting blood vessels.
- Burn Surgery: Can be divided into acute burn care, occurring immediately after the burn, and reconstructive burn surgery.
Cosmetic surgery, alternatively referred to as aesthetic surgery, primarily enhances the physical appearance of normal body parts, serving to improve a person's self-esteem and overall quality of life. Common procedures include rhinoplasty (nose job), liposuction, breast augmentation, and abdominoplasty (tummy tuck).
As a field that bridges the gap between aesthetics and necessity, plastic surgery poses unique ethical considerations. The subjectivity of beauty standards, the patient's psychological preparedness, and the potential exploitation of vulnerable populations are all topics of ongoing discourse in the field.
Becoming a plastic surgeon typically requires extensive education and training, including a 4-year undergraduate program, 4 years of medical school, and a minimum of 5 to 7 years in residency training in plastic and reconstructive surgery.
List of Plastic Surgeons (USA)
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
- Cosmetic surgery
- Reconstructive surgery
- Hand surgery
- Craniofacial surgery
- Breast augmentation
- Neligan, P. C. (Ed.). (2012). Plastic Surgery. Elsevier Saunders.
- Thorne, C.H., Chung, K.C., Gosain, A.K., Gurtner, G.C., Mehrara, B.J., Rubin, J.P., Spear, S.L. (2014). Grabb and Smith's Plastic Surgery. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
- Aston, S.J., Steinbrech, D.S., Walden, J.L. (2018). Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Elsevier.
- Guyuron, B., Eriksson, E., Persing, J.A. (2011). Plastic Surgery: Indications and Practice. Elsevier Saunders.
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