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Hematology (also spelt haematology in British English) represents a critical specialization within the broader fields of internal medicine and pediatrics, focusing specifically on the study of blood, blood-forming organs, and a spectrum of blood-related diseases. It encompasses the comprehensive investigation of blood diseases' etiology (causes), diagnosis, treatment, prognosis (outlook), and prevention.

A hematologist analyzing blood sample under a microscope

Understanding Blood Diseases[edit | edit source]

Blood diseases or hematological disorders, manifest when there's a disruption in the production of blood or any of its critical components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, and coagulation mechanisms. These disruptions can significantly impact the body's capacity to transport oxygen, clot blood, fight infections, and maintain overall health.[1]

The Role of Hematologists[edit | edit source]

Hematologists are highly specialized medical doctors whose practice is dedicated to the field of hematology. They perform a wide range of tasks, from overseeing the hematology laboratory's operations and scrutinizing blood films and bone marrow slides under the microscope, to interpreting diverse hematology test results and managing the care of in-patients and out-patients.[2]

Hematologists often develop further specializations or specific interests in particular areas, including:

Hematology as basic medical science[edit | edit source]

Classification of hematology diseases[edit | edit source]

Tests[edit | edit source]

Tests used in the investigation of haematological problems include:

Treatments[edit | edit source]

Treatments include:

List of Hematologists (USA)[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Hematology Resources
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  1. "Hematology: Overview". Association of American Medical Colleges. Retrieved September 21, 2021.

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD