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Podiatry is a field of healthcare primarily devoted to the study and treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, and sometimes knee, leg and hip (collectively known as the lower extremity). In this regard, the range of disorders of the lower extremity which podiatry can address is largely dependent on the scope of practice as per national, state, and/or provincial jurisdiction.
Modern podiatry is gaining popularity as a medical specialty worldwide, but remains largely centered in the United States, where it is generally considered to be an outgrowth of traditional chiropody with the addition of a more holistic and/or surgical approach to disorders of the lower extremity, as warranted.
For information about podiatry as a profession, see podiatrist.
For an Australian viewpoint of the history of podiatry, see A History of Podiatry
Anatomy and physiology[edit | edit source]
Disorders of the skin[edit | edit source]
- Athlete's foot
- Callus and Corns of the Skin
- Onychocryptosis (Ingrown Toenail)
- Keratosis palmaris et plantaris
Disorders of the joints[edit | edit source]
Disorders of the bones[edit | edit source]
Disorders of the nerves[edit | edit source]
Combined disorders[edit | edit source]
Genetic disorders[edit | edit source]
Specific manifestations of systemic disease[edit | edit source]
Common complicating factors[edit | edit source]
Tests and procedures[edit | edit source]
- Podiatrists treat a variety of foot and ankle ailments, and conditions including calluses, ingrown toenails, heel spurs, arthritis, congenital foot and ankle deformities, and arch of the foot problems.
- Pdiatrists also treat foot and leg problems associated with diabetes providing diabetes foot care and other diseases.
- Some podiatrists spend most of their time performing surgery, such as foot and ankle reconstruction.
- Some podiatrists choose a specialty such as sports medicine, pediatrics, or diabetic foot care.
- Podiatrists diagnose foot, ankle, and lower leg problems through physical exams, x rays, medical laboratory tests, and other methods.
- They provide treatment for foot, ankle, and lower leg ailments, such as prescribing special shoe inserts (orthotics) to improve a patient’s mobility.
Latest articles - Podiatry[edit source]
Source: Data courtesy of the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Since the data might have changed, please query MeSH on Podiatry for any updates.