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Some vegan foods

Veganism is a philosophy and lifestyle choice that emphasizes the ethical treatment of animals and seeks to minimize the exploitation and suffering of animals. Vegans not only abstain from consuming animal-derived products but also avoid using animal-based materials and supporting industries that engage in animal testing. This article will discuss the different aspects of veganism, including diet, clothing, and personal beliefs.

Vegan friendly icon

Philosophy and Beliefs[edit | edit source]

The core belief of veganism is that animals should not be used or exploited for human benefit. This means that vegans seek to avoid using animals for food, clothing, or any other purpose. The philosophy of veganism encompasses both animal welfare and animal rights, with many vegans actively campaigning for these causes.

  • Animal welfare: This concept focuses on the humane treatment of animals, ensuring that they are provided with adequate care and do not suffer unnecessarily.
  • Animal rights: This concept goes beyond animal welfare, asserting that animals have inherent rights and should not be considered as mere commodities or property.

Diet[edit | edit source]

A vegan diet excludes all animal-derived products, including meat, fish, poultry, dairy, eggs, and honey. Instead, vegans consume a diverse range of plant-based foods that provide all the necessary nutrients for a healthy and balanced diet. Some common vegan food sources include:

  • Fruits: Apples, oranges, bananas, berries, and more.
  • Vegetables: Leafy greens, carrots, peppers, tomatoes, and more.
  • Beans: Chickpeas, black beans, kidney beans, and more.
  • Grains: Rice, quinoa, barley, oats, and more.
  • Nuts: Almonds, cashews, peanuts, and more.
  • Seeds: Flaxseeds, chia seeds, sunflower seeds, and more.

Vegans can also enjoy a variety of processed vegan foods, such as vegan sweets, vegan cheese, and vegan cakes, which are made from plant-based ingredients and do not contain any animal-derived products.

Clothing and Materials[edit | edit source]

Vegans extend their beliefs to clothing and other materials by avoiding the use of animal-derived products like leather, wool, silk, feathers, bone, and pearl. Instead, they opt for cruelty-free and sustainable alternatives, such as:

  • Synthetic leather: A durable and realistic alternative to genuine leather, made from materials like polyurethane or PVC.
  • Cotton: A versatile, breathable, and comfortable plant-based fabric.
  • Linen: A strong and durable fabric made from flax fibers, which is also highly breathable and eco-friendly.
  • Bamboo: A sustainable and renewable resource that can be used to create soft, comfortable, and hypoallergenic fabric.

Animal Testing and Personal Care Products[edit | edit source]

Vegans also strive to avoid purchasing and using products that have been tested on animals. This includes cosmetics, personal care items, and household cleaning products. To identify cruelty-free products, vegans can look for certifications like the Leaping Bunny logo or the PETA Cruelty-Free bunny logo on product packaging.

Three types of lentil

Donald Watson made the word vegan in 1944.

Types of veganism[edit | edit source]

Some vegans only eat foods that have not been cooked. Their diet is called raw veganism.

Another more restrictive type of veganism is fruitarianism. Fruitarians only eat foods that can be harvested without harming or killing a plant.

Need for vitamin B12[edit | edit source]

  • Vegans must make sure their diet includes an adequate supply of vitamin B12, because it does not occur reliably in plant foods.
  • Vitamin D deficiency is possible in the absence of dairy products (which are normally fortified with vitamin D). It can be prevented by supplements, and time spent outdoors.

Health[edit | edit source]

Many people think that it is not healthy to be vegan. However, a vegan diet can have all of the nutrients needed for health. It is just more difficult to get the nutrients because there are fewer foods to choose from.

Related pages[edit | edit source]

Dieting Diet - Cuisine - Dietitian - Hunger - Leptin - Meal - Nutrition - Obesity : Staple food
Types Ketogenic diet - Low carbohydrate diet - Weight loss diet
  By food ingredients Omnivore - Entomophagy - Pescetarian - Plant-based
Regional diets Western - Mediterranean - Sustainable diets - Low carbon - Planetary
Religious diets Buddhist - Christian - Hindu - Islamic - Jain - Jewish - Rastafari - Sikh
 Vegetarianism and veganism   Dried fruit - Fruitarianism - Meat analogue - Milk substitute - Raw vegan - Tofu - Semi-vegetarianism
Supplement diets Bodybuilding supplements  - Meal replacement - Therapeutic food - Non-solid diets - Liquid diets - Very-low-calorie diet
Misc.topics Food pyramid - Fruits & Veggies – More Matters - Healthy eating pyramid - Latin American Diet Pyramid - French paradox - Mediterranean Diet Pyramid - MyPlate - MyPyramid - Vegetarian Diet Pyramid

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD