WikiMD's ultimate guide to ketogenic diet

From WikiMD's Health & Wellness Encyclopedia


Introduction[edit | edit source]

What is the Ketogenic diet? The introduction provides an overview of the ketogenic diet, its principles, and its benefits. It explains how the diet works, how it can help people lose weight, and how it can improve health markers such as blood sugar and cholesterol levels. It also explains that the diet involves consuming high amounts of healthy fats, moderate amounts of protein, and very low amounts of carbohydrates.

Guide to ketogenic diet

Why Choose the Ketogenic Diet? This section discusses the reasons why people may choose to follow the ketogenic diet, including weight loss, improved blood sugar control, and improved mental clarity. It also discusses the potential drawbacks of the diet, such as the need for strict adherence and the risk of nutrient deficiencies.

Ketonuria

Understanding the Ketogenic Diet - Part 1[edit | edit source]

This part of the book about understanding the ketogenic diet provides an in-depth explanation of the science behind the ketogenic diet, including the following topics:

Breast of chicken dinner

History of the Ketogenic Diet[edit | edit source]

This section provides an overview of the history of the ketogenic diet, including its origins and how it has evolved over time. It also discusses the research that has been conducted on the diet, including its effectiveness in treating epilepsy and other health conditions.

Fuel Utilization[edit | edit source]

This section about fuel utilization on ketogenic diet explains how the body uses different types of fuel (carbohydrates, fat, and protein) for energy and how the ketogenic diet alters this process. It discusses the role of insulin and glucose in fuel metabolism and how the diet can shift the body into a state of ketosis.

Basic Ketone Body Physiology[edit | edit source]

SalmonFillet

Basic ketone body physiology explains the science behind how the body produces ketone bodies, which are the molecules that provide energy during ketosis. This section covers the role of the liver in ketone body production, how ketones are used as fuel by the brain and other tissues, and the importance of maintaining appropriate levels of ketones during the ketogenic diet.

Adaptations to Ketosis[edit | edit source]

Kale & Poached Eggs Salad

Adaptations to ketosis describes the physiological changes that occur when the body switches from using glucose as its primary energy source to using ketones. This section covers the adaptation process that takes place during the first few weeks of the ketogenic diet, the benefits of using ketones as an energy source, and how the body maintains ketosis over time.

Changes in Body Composition[edit | edit source]

Changes in body composition due to ketogenic diet explains the impact of the ketogenic diet on body weight and body composition. This section discusses how the ketogenic diet can lead to rapid weight loss in the short term, changes in body fat percentage, and the potential for muscle loss during extended periods of carbohydrate restriction.

Other Effects of the Ketogenic Diet[edit | edit source]

Low carb breakfast

Other Effects of the ketogenic diet covers some of the other potential health benefits of the ketogenic diet beyond weight loss, such as improved blood sugar control, reduced inflammation, and improved brain function. This section also touches on some of the potential risks and side effects of the ketogenic diet, such as the keto flu and nutritional deficiencies.

The Ultimate Guide to the Ketogenic Diet - Part 2[edit | edit source]

Part 2 of "The Ultimate Guide to the Ketogenic Diet" covers the practical aspects of following a ketogenic diet. Here are some expanded explanations of each subtopic within this section:

General Dieting Principles[edit | edit source]

General keto dieting principles provides an overview of the basic principles of a ketogenic diet, including macronutrient ratios, calorie requirements, and food choices. This section covers the importance of tracking macronutrients and calories, how to calculate your daily macronutrient needs, and the types of foods that are allowed and restricted on the ketogenic diet.

The Standard Ketogenic Diet (SKD)[edit | edit source]

The standard ketogenic diet (SKD) is the most common and well-known type of ketogenic diet. This section provides an in-depth explanation of the SKD, including macronutrient ratios, calorie requirements, and recommended food choices. It also covers the benefits and potential drawbacks of the SKD, as well as tips for making the transition to a ketogenic diet easier.

Carbs and the Ketogenic Diet[edit | edit source]

Carbs and the ketogenic diet explains the role of carbohydrates in the ketogenic diet and the various approaches to carbohydrate intake on the diet. This section covers the different types of carbohydrates and how they affect ketosis, the recommended daily carbohydrate limit for the ketogenic diet, and tips for reducing carbohydrate intake and managing carbohydrate cravings.

The Targeted Ketogenic Diet (TKD)[edit | edit source]

The targeted ketogenic diet (TKD) is a variation of the ketogenic diet that is designed to support high-intensity exercise. This section explains how the TKD works, the benefits and potential drawbacks of the diet, and the recommended macronutrient ratios for the TKD.

The Cyclical Ketogenic Diet (CKD)[edit | edit source]

The cyclical ketogenic diet (CKD) is another variation of the ketogenic diet that involves cycling periods of high-carbohydrate intake with periods of low-carbohydrate intake. This section covers how the CKD works, the benefits and potential drawbacks of the diet, and the recommended macronutrient ratios for the CKD.

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Breaking Fat Loss Plateaus[edit | edit source]

Breaking fat loss plateaus on ketogenic diet provides strategies for overcoming plateaus in weight loss during the ketogenic diet. This section covers the common causes of weight loss plateaus, such as metabolic adaptation and water retention, and provides tips for overcoming them, such as adjusting macronutrient ratios, incorporating intermittent fasting, and increasing physical activity.

Ketogenic diet for vegans[edit | edit source]

A ketogenic diet can be challenging for vegetarians since it relies heavily on high-fat animal products such as meat, eggs, and dairy. However, it is still possible for vegetarians to follow a vegetarian ketogenic diet with some modifications.

Tools for the Ketogenic Diet[edit | edit source]

Tools for the ketogenic diet covers the various tools and resources that can be used to support a ketogenic lifestyle. This section includes suggestions for tracking macronutrient intake, meal planning and preparation, and monitoring ketone levels.

Exercises

Top 10 keto foods[edit | edit source]

Here are the top 10 keto foods that are ideal for a ketogenic diet

  1. Olives and olive oil - These are great sources of healthy fats, with a high monounsaturated fat content that can help reduce inflammation and improve heart health.
  2. Meat, poultry, and seafood - These are high in protein and healthy fats, making them great choices for a ketogenic diet. They are also rich in essential nutrients like iron and zinc.
  3. High fat dairy such as cheese, butter, and cream - These are excellent sources of healthy fats and are also low in carbs, making them ideal for a ketogenic diet. They are also a great source of calcium and other essential nutrients.
  4. Dark chocolate - Dark chocolate is low in carbs and high in healthy fats, making it a great treat for those on a ketogenic diet. It is also rich in antioxidants and other beneficial compounds.
  5. Berries - Berries are low in carbs and high in fiber, making them a great choice for a ketogenic diet. They are also a good source of antioxidants and other beneficial nutrients.
  6. Garlic, onion, and other allium vegetables - These are rich in antioxidants and other beneficial compounds that can help improve heart health and reduce inflammation.
  7. Coconut oil - This is a great source of healthy fats, with a high content of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) that can help boost ketone production and aid in weight loss.
  8. Nuts and seeds - These are rich in healthy fats, protein, and fiber, making them ideal for a ketogenic diet. They are also a good source of essential nutrients like magnesium and vitamin E.
  9. Avocado - This is a great source of healthy fats, with a high monounsaturated fat content that can help improve heart health and reduce inflammation. It is also a good source of fiber and essential nutrients.
  10. Leafy greens - These are low in carbs and high in fiber, making them a great choice for a ketogenic diet. They are also a good source of essential vitamins and minerals like vitamin C and iron.

The Ultimate Guide to the Ketogenic Diet - Part 3[edit | edit source]

"The Ultimate Guide to the Ketogenic Diet Part 3" focuses on the relationship between exercise and the ketogenic diet. Here are some expanded explanations of each subtopic within this section:

Muscular Physiology and Energy Production[edit | edit source]

Muscular physiology and energy production on ketogenic diet provides an overview of the different types of muscle fibers and how they generate energy. This section covers the different energy systems used during exercise, including the phosphagen system, glycolytic system, and oxidative system. It also explains how the body produces energy during the ketogenic diet and how this impacts athletic performance.

Weight Training[edit | edit source]

Weight training on ketogenic diet explains how the ketogenic diet can support resistance training and muscle building. This section covers the benefits of weight training for overall health and fitness, how to optimize performance while on a ketogenic diet, and potential drawbacks to consider.

The Effect of Exercise[edit | edit source]

The effect of exercise on ketogenic diet explains how exercise impacts the ketogenic diet and the body's energy balance. This section covers how exercise affects ketone production, how to optimize performance during exercise while on a ketogenic diet, and the impact of exercise on weight loss and body composition.

Exercise and Fat Loss[edit | edit source]

Exercise and fat loss on ketogenic diet provides an overview of the relationship between exercise and weight loss during the ketogenic diet. This section covers the benefits of exercise for weight loss and body composition, how to optimize exercise for fat loss while on a ketogenic diet, and potential drawbacks to consider.

General Exercise Guidelines[edit | edit source]

General exercise guidelines on ketogenic diet covers the basic principles of exercise for overall health and fitness. This section provides general exercise recommendations for individuals following a ketogenic diet, such as the recommended amount and type of exercise, and how to incorporate different types of exercise into a weekly routine.

Aerobic Exercise[edit | edit source]

Chicken Tikka

Aerobic exercise on ketogenic diet explains how the ketogenic diet can impact performance during endurance activities, such as running or cycling. This section covers the benefits of aerobic exercise for overall health and fitness, how to optimize performance while on a ketogenic diet, and potential drawbacks to consider.

Interval Training[edit | edit source]

Interval training on ketogenic diet covers the benefits of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and how it can be incorporated into a ketogenic exercise routine. This section explains how HIIT works, the benefits of incorporating HIIT into a workout routine, and how to modify a ketogenic diet to support HIIT workouts.

Beginner/Intermediate Exercise[edit | edit source]

Beginner/intermediate exercises on ketogenic diet]] provides recommendations for individuals who are new to exercise or who are just starting a ketogenic diet. This section covers the types of exercises that are suitable for beginners, how to gradually increase the intensity of exercise, and tips for staying motivated.

The Advanced CKD Workout[edit | edit source]

The advanced CKD workout on ketogenic diet provides recommendations for individuals who are experienced with exercise and following a cyclical ketogenic diet. This section covers advanced training strategies, such as carb-loading, and how to optimize performance during different phases of the diet. It also provides workout examples and training programs for advanced athletes.

The Ultimate Guide to the Ketogenic Diet - Part 4[edit | edit source]

Part 4 of "The Ultimate Guide to the Ketogenic Diet" covers advanced topics related to the ketogenic diet including research articles. Here are some expanded explanations of each subtopic within this section:

Other Applications of the Ketogenic Diet[edit | edit source]

Other applications of the ketogenic diet covers some of the other potential health benefits of the ketogenic diet beyond weight loss, such as improved cognitive function, cancer therapy, and seizure control. This section also explores the emerging research into the potential benefits of the ketogenic diet for other health conditions, such as Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis.

Fat Loss for Pre-Competition[edit | edit source]

Fat loss for pre-competition on ketogenic diet provides guidance on how to optimize fat loss while preparing for a competition, such as a bodybuilding or powerlifting contest. This section covers strategies for fine-tuning the ketogenic diet to achieve maximum fat loss, such as adjusting macronutrient ratios and incorporating targeted fat loss supplements.

Medium Chain Fatty Acids (MCT Oil)[edit | edit source]

MCT oil, or medium-chain triglycerides oil, is a dietary oil that contains a higher proportion of medium-chain triglycerides compared to normal dietary fats, which consist mostly of long-chain triglycerides (LCTs).

General Supplements for the Ketogenic Diet[edit | edit source]

General supplements for the ketogenic diet covers the supplements that can be used to support overall health and athletic performance while on the ketogenic diet. This section covers general nutritional supplements, such as multivitamins and minerals, as well as supplements that can support energy production and recovery, such as creatine and branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs).

Fat Loss Supplements[edit | edit source]

Fat loss supplements on ketogenic diet covers the supplements that can be used to support fat loss during the ketogenic diet. This section covers supplements that can help to suppress appetite, increase energy expenditure, and improve insulin sensitivity, such as caffeine, green tea extract, and chromium.

The Carb-Load[edit | edit source]

The carb-load on ketogenic diet provides guidance on how to implement a carbohydrate refeeding strategy during the ketogenic diet. This section covers the benefits of carbohydrate refeeding, such as improved athletic performance and muscle glycogen replenishment, as well as the potential drawbacks of consuming too many carbohydrates.

Strength/Mass Gains[edit | edit source]

Strength and body mass gains on ketogenic diet covers the strategies for optimizing muscle mass and strength while on the ketogenic diet. This section covers the importance of maintaining an appropriate caloric surplus, consuming adequate protein, and incorporating strength training into a workout routine. It also provides guidance on how to optimize nutrient timing and macronutrient ratios to support muscle growth and recovery while on a ketogenic diet.

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Latest research on ketogenic diet[edit | edit source]

Here are some of the latest research articles on ketogenic diet:

  • Weight loss: A 2021 study published in the Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism found that a ketogenic diet can lead to significant weight loss and improvements in body composition, even in the absence of calorie restriction.
  • Blood sugar control: A 2020 review published in the journal Nutrients found that a ketogenic diet can improve insulin sensitivity and blood sugar control in people with type 2 diabetes.
  • Cancer treatment: A 2021 study published in the journal Cancer Cell found that a ketogenic diet can enhance the effectiveness of certain cancer treatments by making cancer cells more vulnerable to therapy.
  • Gut health: A 2021 study published in the journal Nature Communications found that a ketogenic diet can promote the growth of beneficial gut bacteria and improve gut health.
  • Athletic performance: A 2020 review published in the journal Sports Medicine found that a ketogenic diet may improve endurance performance in athletes, but may have negative effects on high-intensity, short-duration activities.
  • Neurological disorders: A 2020 review published in the journal Frontiers in Neurology found that a ketogenic diet may have potential benefits for managing neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.
  • Cardiovascular health: A 2021 study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association found that a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet (similar to a ketogenic diet) can improve several cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as blood pressure and triglyceride levels.
  • Mental health: A 2021 study published in the journal Nutrients found that a ketogenic diet may have potential benefits for improving symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Frequently asked questions on ketogenic diet[edit | edit source]

  1. What is a ketogenic diet? A ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that is designed to encourage the body to enter a state of ketosis, in which it burns fat for fuel instead of carbohydrates.
  2. How does a ketogenic diet work? A ketogenic diet works by drastically reducing carbohydrate intake and increasing fat intake, which forces the body to use fat as its primary source of fuel. This causes the liver to produce ketones, which are used for energy instead of glucose.
  3. What are the benefits of a ketogenic diet? Some potential benefits of a ketogenic diet include weight loss, improved blood sugar control, increased energy levels, and improved mental clarity.
  4. What are the potential risks and side effects of a ketogenic diet? Some potential risks and side effects of a ketogenic diet include the "keto flu," nutrient deficiencies, constipation, and an increased risk of heart disease if the diet is high in saturated fats.
  5. How to follow a ketogenic diet? To follow a ketogenic diet, one should aim to consume high amounts of healthy fats, moderate amounts of protein, and minimal amounts of carbohydrates.
  6. What foods to eat and avoid on a ketogenic diet? Foods to eat on a ketogenic diet include meats, fish, nuts, seeds, avocados, and low-carbohydrate vegetables. Foods to avoid include grains, sugars, fruits, and most processed foods.
  7. How does a ketogenic diet affect weight loss? A ketogenic diet can promote weight loss by reducing appetite, increasing satiety, and promoting fat burning.
  8. How does a ketogenic diet affect athletic performance? A ketogenic diet can affect athletic performance by providing sustained energy for endurance activities, but may not be optimal for high-intensity activities that require quick bursts of energy.
  9. How does a ketogenic diet affect mental clarity and cognition? A ketogenic diet may improve mental clarity and cognition by providing a stable source of energy for the brain.
  10. How does a ketogenic diet affect blood sugar and insulin levels? A ketogenic diet can improve blood sugar control and insulin sensitivity by reducing carbohydrate intake and promoting fat burning.
  11. How does a ketogenic diet affect cholesterol levels? A ketogenic diet may increase levels of "good" cholesterol (HDL) and decrease levels of "bad" cholesterol (LDL), but the effect may vary between individuals.
  12. Can a ketogenic diet help manage certain medical conditions? A ketogenic diet may be beneficial for managing certain medical conditions such as epilepsy, type 2 diabetes, and neurological disorders.
  13. How to safely transition into and out of a ketogenic diet? To safely transition into a ketogenic diet, one should gradually reduce carbohydrate intake over several days. To transition out of a ketogenic diet, one should gradually increase carbohydrate intake over several days.
  14. What are some common mistakes to avoid on a ketogenic diet? Common mistakes to avoid on a ketogenic diet include not consuming enough fat, consuming too much protein, and not monitoring nutrient intake.
  15. How to maintain a ketogenic diet long-term? To maintain a ketogenic diet long-term, one should focus on consuming a variety of healthy fats, protein, and non-starchy vegetables, and monitor nutrient intake to ensure a balanced diet. It is also important to work with a healthcare professional to monitor for any potential health risks.

Ending a Ketogenic Diet[edit | edit source]

Avocado pecan salad

Ending ketogenic diet explains the steps to take when transitioning off of a ketogenic diet. This section covers how to gradually reintroduce carbohydrates into the diet, how to monitor for potential side effects, and tips for maintaining weight loss and overall health after ending a ketogenic diet.

Final Considerations[edit | edit source]

Crab and avocado salad

Final considerations on ketogenic diet provides some additional tips and advice for those following a ketogenic diet. This section covers topics such as managing social situations while on the diet, dealing with keto flu and other side effects, and the importance of working with a healthcare professional when starting a ketogenic diet.

The Ultimate Guide to the Ketogenic Diet - Conclusion[edit | edit source]

Spicy salmon avocado tostadas

The Conclusion of "The Ultimate Guide to the Ketogenic Diet" provides a summary of ultimate guide to the ketogenic diet provides a summary of the main points covered in the textbook and offers final thoughts and recommendations for achieving success with the ketogenic diet. This section emphasizes the importance of maintaining a healthy and balanced diet while on the ketogenic diet, and recommends working with a healthcare professional to ensure proper nutrient intake and monitoring for potential side effects.

The Conclusion also highlights the potential benefits of the ketogenic diet for weight loss, improved blood sugar control, and overall health and wellness. It encourages readers to continue educating themselves about the science behind the ketogenic diet and to make informed decisions about their dietary choices.

Finally, the Conclusion offers some tips for making the ketogenic diet more sustainable and enjoyable, such as incorporating a variety of healthy fats and vegetables into meals, experimenting with different types of exercise, and finding a supportive community to help stay motivated and accountable. Overall, the Conclusion aims to inspire and empower readers to achieve their health and fitness goals through the power of the ketogenic diet.

References[edit | edit source]

  • Paoli, A., Rubini, A., Volek, J. S., & Grimaldi, K. A. (2013). Beyond weight loss: a review of the therapeutic uses of very-low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diets. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67(8), 789-796. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2013.116
  • Yancy, W. S., Jr., Foy, M., Chalecki, A. M., Vernon, M. C., & Westman, E. C. (2005). A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet to treat type 2 diabetes. Nutrition & Metabolism, 2(1), 34. doi: 10.1186/1743-7075-2-34
  • Gasior, M., Rogawski, M. A., & Hartman, A. L. (2006). Neuroprotective and disease-modifying effects of the ketogenic diet. Behavioural Pharmacology, 17(5-6), 431-439. doi: 10.1097/FBP.0b013e3280119f18
  • Vargas-Meza, G. E., & Castellanos-González, J. A. (2018). Ketogenic diet for the treatment of epilepsy in children. Revista de Neurologia, 67(6), 201-207. doi: 10.33588/rn.6706.2018049
  • Masood, W., & Uppaluri, K. R. (2019). Ketogenic diet. In StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK499830/
  • Paoli, A. (2014). Ketogenic diet for obesity: friend or foe?. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(2), 2092-2107. doi: 10.3390/ijerph110202092
  • Manninen, A. H. (2004). Metabolic effects of the very-low-carbohydrate diets: misunderstood "villains" of human metabolism. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 1(2), 7-11. doi: 10.1186/1550-2783-1-2-7
  • Goss, A. M., Gower, B. A., Soleymani, T., Stewart, M. K., & Fleming, J. N. (2017). Impact of a ketogenic diet on adipokines and inflammation in T2DM and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, 40(12), 1267-1281. doi: 10.1007/s40618-017-0726-0
  • Kossoff, E. H., Zupec-Kania, B. A., Amark, P. E., Ballaban-Gil, K. R., Bergqvist, A. G., Blackford, R.,... & Wheless, J. W. (2009). Optimal clinical management of children receiving the ketogenic diet: recommendations of the International Ketogenic Diet Study Group. Epilepsia, 50(2), 304-317. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2008.01765.x
  • Gibson, A. A., Seimon, R. V., Lee, C. M., Ayre, J., Franklin, J., Markovic, T. P.,... & Sainsbury, A. (2015). Do ketogenic diets really suppress appetite? A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Obesity Reviews, 16(1), 64-76. doi: 10.1111/obr.12230
  • Wheless, J. W. (2008). History of the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia, 49(Suppl. 8), 3-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2008.01821.x
  • Westman, E. C., Yancy, W. S., & Mavropoulos, J. C. (2003). A review of low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets. Current Atherosclerosis Reports, 5(6), 476-483. doi: 10.1007/s11883-003-0038-6
  • Neal, E. G., Chaffe, H. M., Edwards, N., Lawson, M. S., Schwartz, R. H., Cross, J. H.,... & Hartman, A. L. (2009). Growth of children on classical and medium-chain triglyceride ketogenic diets. Pediatrics, 122(2), e334-e340. doi: 10.1542/peds.2008-2442
  • Hussain, T. A., Mathew, T. C., Dashti, A. A., Asfar, S., Al-Zaid, N., & Dashti, H. M. (2012). Effect of low-calorie versus low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet in type 2 diabetes. Nutrition, 28(10), 1016-1021. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2012.01.016
  • Bergqvist, A. G., Schall, J. I., Gallagher, P. R., Cnaan, A., Stallings, V. A., & Zemel, B. S. (2008). Fasting versus gradual initiation of the ketogenic diet: a prospective, randomized clinical trial of efficacy. Epilepsia, 49(8), 1363-1364. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2008.01598.x
  • Kim, D. Y., & Rho, J. M. (2008). The ketogenic diet and epilepsy. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 11(2), 113-120. doi: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e3282f44c06

Also see[edit source]

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