Keto friendly

From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

A diet low in carbohydrates, and high in fat that causes the body to break down fat into molecules called ketones leading to what is called ketosis.

Ketosis and fat burning[edit | edit source]

Ketones or ketone bodies circulate in the blood and become the main source of energy for many cells in the body thereby burning fat and reducing weight when combined with calorie restricted diet.

Health benefits[edit | edit source]

A ketogenic diet is also used to treat some types of epilepsy and is being studied in the treatment of some types of cancer.

Insulin resistance[edit | edit source]

A ketogenic diet also helps reduce insulin resistance, a process that affects up to 70 percent of all adults in the United States. Since insulin is one of the most anabolic hormones known to man, reducing insulin not only helps with hunger and craving control, but also helps reduce long term risk of many health problems such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, fatty liver disease, and polycystic ovarian disease.

Low fat versus low carb diets[edit | edit source]

When compared to the traditional approach of low fat diets, evidence from studies show that low carbohydrate diets not only help you to lose weight but also help in maintaining it and has added benefit of reduced risk of diabetes and reduced inflammation in the body.

List of keto friendly foods[edit | edit source]

_pageName Food group Keto friendliness Calories Fat Protein Fiber Net carbohydrates Sugars Cholesterol
Gruyère app bio mi salé Milk and dairy products, Cheese Keto friendly 407 33.0 27.0 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.0
Hobnobs 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saumon fumé citron et aneth Fish‚ Meat‚ Eggs, Fish and seafood Keto friendly 150 7.0 20.0 0.0 2.0 1.3 0.0

Glossary of keto terms[edit | edit source]

  • Alfalfa -  leguminous plant grown for hay or forage; important European leguminous forage plant with trifoliate leaves and blue-violet flowers grown widely as a pasture and hay crop
  • Artichoke -  a thistlelike flower head with edible fleshy leaves and heart; Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head
  • Arugula -  erect European annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender
  • Asparagus -  edible young shoots of the asparagus plant; plant whose succulent young shoots are cooked and eaten as a vegetable
  • Bacon -  back and sides of a hog salted and dried or smoked; usually sliced thin and fried; English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626); English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)
  • basil -  leaves of the common basil; used fresh or dried; (Roman Catholic Church) the bishop of Caesarea who defended the Roman Catholic Church against the heresies of the 4th century; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-379); any of several Old World tropical aromatic annual or perennial herbs of the genus Ocimum
  • Beef -  cattle that are reared for their meat; meat from an adult domestic bovine; informal terms for objecting; verb complain
  • beet -  round red root vegetable; biennial Eurasian plant usually having a swollen edible root; widely cultivated as a food crop
  • Best -  (superlative of `good') having the most positive qualities; (comparative and superlative of `well') wiser or more advantageous and hence advisable; adv. it would be sensible; in a most excellent way or manner; from a position of superiority or authority;  the supreme effort one can make; the person who is most outstanding or excellent; someone who tops all others; Canadian physiologist (born in the United States) who assisted F. G. Banting in research leading to the discovery of insulin (1899-1978); verb get the better of
  • blue -  causing dejection; of the color intermediate between green and violet; having a color similar to that of a clear unclouded sky; low in spirits; morally rigorous and strict; used to signify the Union forces in the American Civil War (who wore blue uniforms); suggestive of sexual impropriety; characterized by profanity or cursing; belonging to or characteristic of the nobility or aristocracy;  any of numerous small butterflies of the family Lycaenidae; blue clothing; blue color or pigment; resembling the color of the clear sky in the daytime; any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are blue; the sodium salt of amobarbital that is used as a barbiturate; used as a sedative and a hypnotic; the sky as viewed during daylight; used to whiten laundry or hair or give it a bluish tinge; verb turn blue
  • bok choy -  elongated head of dark green leaves on thick white stalks; Asiatic plant grown for its cluster of edible white stalks with dark green leaves
  • Bologna -  large smooth-textured smoked sausage of beef and veal and pork; the capital of Emilia-Romagna; located in northern Italy east of the Apennines
  • Boston -  state capital and largest city of Massachusetts; a major center for banking and financial services
  • brie -  soft creamy white cheese; milder than Camembert
  • broccoli -  branched green undeveloped flower heads; plant with dense clusters of tight green flower buds
  • broccoli raab -  plant grown for its pungent edible leafy shoots; slightly bitter dark green leaves and clustered flower buds
  • broth -  a thin soup of meat or fish or vegetable stock; liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces
  • Brussels sprouts -  the small edible cabbage-like buds growing along a stalk of the brussels sprout plant
  • butter -  an edible emulsion of fat globules made by churning milk or cream; for cooking and table use; a fighter who strikes the opponent with his head; verb spread butter on
  • cabbage -  any of various types of cabbage; any of various cultivars of the genus Brassica oleracea grown for their edible leaves or flowers; informal terms for money; verb make off with belongings of others
  • cauliflower -  compact head of white undeveloped flowers; a plant having a large edible head of crowded white flower buds
  • celery -  stalks eaten raw or cooked or used as seasoning; widely cultivated herb with aromatic leaf stalks that are eaten raw or cooked
  • cheddar -  hard smooth-textured cheese; originally made in Cheddar in southwestern England; a village in southwestern England where cheddar cheese was first made
  • chicken -  easily frightened;  a domestic fowl bred for flesh or eggs; believed to have been developed from the red jungle fowl; a foolhardy competition; a dangerous activity that is continued until one competitor becomes afraid and stops; the flesh of a chicken used for food; a person who lacks confidence, is irresolute and wishy-washy
  • Chicory -  crisp spiky leaves with somewhat bitter taste; root of the chicory plant roasted and ground to substitute for or adulterate coffee; perennial Old World herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads; the dried root of the chicory plant: used as a coffee substitute
  • Chinese cabbage -  elongated head of crisp celery-like stalks and light green leaves; plant with an elongated head of broad stalked leaves resembling celery; used as a vegetable in east Asia
  • cilantro -  parsley-like herb used as seasoning or garnish; Old World herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley
  • Club soda -  effervescent beverage artificially charged with carbon dioxide
  • cocoa butter -  the vegetable fat from the cacao that is extracted from chocolate liquor; the basis for white chocolate; a yellow-white fat from cocoa beans
  • coffee -  a beverage consisting of an infusion of ground coffee beans; any of several small trees and shrubs native to the tropical Old World yielding coffee beans; a medium brown to dark-brown color; a seed of the coffee tree; ground to make coffee
  • collard -  variety of kale having smooth leaves
  • cottage cheese -  mild white cheese made from curds of soured skim milk
  • Crab -  a stroke of the oar that either misses the water or digs too deeply; decapod having eyes on short stalks and a broad flattened carapace with a small abdomen folded under the thorax and pincers; the edible flesh of any of various crabs; a quarrelsome grouch; infests the pubic region of the human body; the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer; verb fish for crab; scurry sideways like a crab; direct (an aircraft) into a crosswind; complain
  • cream cheese -  soft unripened cheese made of sweet milk and cream
  • Cucumber -  cylindrical green fruit with thin green rind and white flesh eaten as a vegetable; related to melons; a melon vine of the genus Cucumis; cultivated from earliest times for its cylindrical green fruit
  • dandelion -  any of several herbs of the genus Taraxacum having long tap roots and deeply notched leaves and bright yellow flowers followed by fluffy seed balls
  • eggplant -  egg-shaped vegetable having a shiny skin typically dark purple but occasionally white or yellow; hairy upright herb native to southeastern Asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable
  • Eggs -  oval reproductive body of a fowl (especially a hen) used as food
  • endive -  widely cultivated herb with leaves valued as salad green; either curly serrated leaves or broad flat ones that are usually blanched; variety of endive having leaves with irregular frilled edges
  • escarole -  variety of endive having leaves with irregular frilled edges
  • fennel -  fennel seeds are ground and used as a spice or as an ingredient of a spice mixture; leaves used for seasoning; aromatic bulbous stem base eaten cooked or raw in salads; any of several aromatic herbs having edible seeds and leaves and stems
  • flax -  plant of the genus Linum that is cultivated for its seeds and for the fibers of its stem; fiber of the flax plant that is made into thread and woven into linen fabric
  • food -  any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue; anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking; any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
  • game -  willing to face danger; disabled in the feet or legs;  an amusement or pastime; a contest with rules to determine a winner; a single play of a sport or other contest; frivolous or trifling behavior; your occupation or line of work; animal hunted for food or sport; the game equipment needed in order to play a particular game; the flesh of wild animals that is used for food; (games) the score at a particular point or the score needed to win; a secret scheme to do something (especially something underhand or illegal); verb place a bet on
  • Garlic -  aromatic bulb used as seasoning; bulbous herb of southern Europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong-flavored cloves
  • ghee -  clarified butter used in Indian cookery
  • goat -  any of numerous agile ruminants related to sheep but having a beard and straight horns; the tenth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about December 22 to January 19; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Capricorn; a victim of ridicule or pranks
  • Good -  thorough; generally admired; resulting favorably; not left to spoil; not forged; having desirable or positive qualities especially those suitable for a thing specified; morally admirable; in excellent physical condition; appealing to the mind; agreeable or pleasing; most suitable or right for a particular purpose; capable of pleasing; of moral excellence; promoting or enhancing well-being; having the normally expected amount; with or in a close or intimate relationship; exerting force or influence; tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health; deserving of esteem and respect; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude; financially sound; adv. (often used as a combining form) in a good or proper or satisfactory manner or to a high standard (`good' is a nonstandard dialectal variant for `well'); in a complete and thorough manner (`good' is sometimes used informally for `thoroughly');  moral excellence or admirableness; that which is pleasing or valuable or useful; benefit; articles of commerce
  • gouda -  mild cream-colored Dutch cheese shaped in balls
  • green -  of the color between blue and yellow in the color spectrum; similar to the color of fresh grass; not fully developed or mature; not ripe; looking pale and unhealthy; concerned with or supporting or in conformity with the political principles of the Green Party; naive and easily deceived or tricked;  green color or pigment; resembling the color of growing grass; an area of closely cropped grass surrounding the hole on a golf course; a river that rises in western Wyoming and flows southward through Utah to become a tributary of the Colorado River; an environmentalist who belongs to the Green Party; United States labor leader who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1924 to 1952 and who led the struggle with the Congress of Industrial Organizations (1873-1952); street names for ketamine; any of various leafy plants or their leaves and stems eaten as vegetables; a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area; verb turn or become green
  • Greens -  any of various leafy plants or their leaves and stems eaten as vegetables
  • ham -  meat cut from the thigh of a hog (usually smoked); an unskilled actor who overacts; a licensed amateur radio operator; (Old Testament) son of Noah; verb exaggerate one's acting
  • hearts -  a form of whist in which players avoid winning tricks containing hearts or the queen of spades
  • hemp -  a plant fiber; a rope that is used by a hangman to execute persons who have been condemned to death by hanging; any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
  • iceberg -  a large mass of ice floating at sea; usually broken off of a polar glacier; lettuce with crisp tightly packed light-green leaves in a firm head
  • Italian -  of or pertaining to or characteristic of Italy or its people or culture or language;  the Romance language spoken in Italy; a native or inhabitant of Italy
  • kale -  coarse curly-leafed cabbage; a hardy cabbage with coarse curly leaves that do not form a head; informal terms for money
  • kohlrabi -  fleshy turnip-shaped edible stem of the kohlrabi plant; plant cultivated for its enlarged fleshy turnip-shaped edible stem
  • lamb -  young sheep; the flesh of a young domestic sheep eaten as food; a sweet innocent mild-mannered person (especially a child); a person easily deceived or cheated (especially in financial matters); English essayist (1775-1834); verb give birth to a lamb
  • lard -  soft white semisolid fat obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of the hog; verb prepare or cook with lard; add details to
  • Lettuce -  leaves of any of various plants of Lactuca sativa; any of various plants of the genus Lactuca; informal terms for money
  • lobster -  any of several edible marine crustaceans of the families Homaridae and Nephropsidae and Palinuridae; flesh of a lobster
  • muenster -  semisoft pale-yellow cheese
  • mustard -  leaves eaten as cooked greens; pungent powder or paste prepared from ground mustard seeds; any of several cruciferous plants of the genus Brassica
  • octopus -  bottom-living cephalopod having a soft oval body with eight long tentacles; tentacles of octopus prepared as food
  • okra -  tall coarse annual of Old World tropics widely cultivated in southern United States and West Indies for its long mucilaginous green pods used as basis for soups and stews; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus; long green edible beaked pods of the okra plant; long mucilaginous green pods; may be simmered or sauteed but used especially in soups and stews
  • orange -  of the color between red and yellow; similar to the color of a ripe orange;  orange color or pigment; any of a range of colors between red and yellow; round yellow to orange fruit of any of several citrus trees; a river in South Africa that flows generally westward to the Atlantic Ocean; any citrus tree bearing oranges; any pigment producing the orange color
  • palm -  the inner surface of the hand from the wrist to the base of the fingers; any plant of the family Palmae having an unbranched trunk crowned by large pinnate or palmate leaves; a linear unit based on the length or width of the human hand; an award for winning a championship or commemorating some other event; verb touch, lift, or hold with the hands
  • parmesan -  hard dry sharp-flavored Italian cheese; often grated
  • parsley -  aromatic herb with flat or crinkly leaves that are cut finely and used to garnish food; annual or perennial herb with aromatic leaves
  • pastrami -  highly seasoned cut of smoked beef
  • pepperoni -  a pork and beef sausage (or a thin slice of this sausage)
  • pizza -  Italian open pie made of thin bread dough spread with a spiced mixture of e.g. tomato sauce and cheese
  • plain -  lacking embellishment or ornamentation; free from any effort to soften to disguise; lacking patterns especially in color; not elaborate or elaborated; simple; not mixed with extraneous elements; lacking in physical beauty or proportion; clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment; adv. unmistakably (`plain' is often used informally for `plainly');  extensive tract of level open land; a basic knitting stitch; verb express complaints, discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness
  • pork -  meat from a domestic hog or pig; a legislative appropriation designed to ingratiate legislators with their constituents
  • pumpkin -  usually large pulpy deep-yellow round fruit of the squash family maturing in late summer or early autumn; a coarse vine widely cultivated for its large pulpy round orange fruit with firm orange skin and numerous seeds; subspecies of Cucurbita pepo include the summer squashes and a few autumn squashes
  • Purslane -  a plant of the family Portulacaceae having fleshy succulent obovate leaves often grown as a potherb or salad herb; a weed in some areas
  • red -  red with or characterized by blood; of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies; characterized by violence or bloodshed; (especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion;  red color or pigment; the chromatic color resembling the hue of blood; a tributary of the Mississippi River that flows eastward from Texas along the southern boundary of Oklahoma and through Louisiana; emotionally charged terms used to refer to extreme radicals or revolutionaries; the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue
  • rest -  freedom from activity (work or strain or responsibility); a support on which things can be put; a musical notation indicating a silence of a specified duration; euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb); a state of inaction; something left after other parts have been taken away; a pause for relaxation; verb be at rest; take a short break from one's activities in order to relax; give a rest to; not move; be in a resting position; put something in a resting position, as for support or steadying; be inactive, refrain from acting; be inherent or innate in; stay the same; remain in a certain state; rest on or as if on a pillow; sit, as on a branch; have a place in relation to something else
  • Rhubarb -  plants having long green or reddish acidic leafstalks growing in basal clumps; stems (and only the stems) are edible when cooked; leaves are poisonous; long pinkish sour leafstalks usually eaten cooked and sweetened
  • ricotta -  soft Italian cheese like cottage cheese
  • romaine -  lettuce with long dark-green leaves in a loosely packed elongated head
  • rosemary -  extremely pungent leaves used fresh or dried as seasoning for especially meats; widely cultivated for its fragrant grey-green leaves used in cooking and in perfumery
  • Rutabaga -  the large yellow root of a rutabaga plant used as food; a cruciferous plant with a thick bulbous edible yellow root
  • salami -  highly seasoned fatty sausage of pork and beef usually dried
  • salmon -  of orange tinged with pink;  any of various large food and game fishes of northern waters; usually migrate from salt to fresh water to spawn; flesh of any of various marine or freshwater fish of the family Salmonidae; a tributary of the Snake River in Idaho
  • sauce -  flavorful relish or dressing or topping served as an accompaniment to food; verb add zest or flavor to, make more interesting; dress (food) with a relish; behave saucy or impudently towards
  • sauerkraut -  shredded cabbage fermented in brine
  • sausage -  highly seasoned minced meat stuffed in casings; a small nonrigid airship used for observation or as a barrage balloon
  • schmaltz -  (Yiddish) excessive sentimentality in art or music
  • shrimp -  small slender-bodied chiefly marine decapod crustaceans with a long tail and single pair of pincers; many species are edible; any of various edible decapod crustaceans; disparaging terms for small people; verb fish for shrimp
  • soy sauce -  thin sauce made of fermented soy beans
  • speck -  a very small spot; a slight but appreciable addition; (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything; verb produce specks in or on
  • spinach -  dark green leaves; eaten cooked or raw in salads; southwestern Asian plant widely cultivated for its succulent edible dark green leaves
  • squid -  widely distributed fast-moving ten-armed cephalopod mollusk having a long tapered body with triangular tail fins; (Italian cuisine) squid prepared as food
  • starch -  a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles; verb stiffen with starch
  • Summer squash -  any of various fruits of the gourd family that mature during the summer; eaten while immature and before seeds and rind harden; any of various usually bushy plants producing fruit that is eaten while immature and before the rind or seeds harden
  • Swiss -  of or relating to Switzerland or its people or culture;  the natives or inhabitants of Switzerland
  • Swiss chard -  long succulent whitish stalks with large green leaves; beet lacking swollen root; grown as a vegetable for its edible leaves and stalks
  • tallow -  obtained from suet and used in making soap, candles and lubricants
  • tea -  a light midafternoon meal of tea and sandwiches or cakes; dried leaves of the tea shrub; used to make tea; a beverage made by steeping tea leaves in water; a reception or party at which tea is served; a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India; source of tea leaves
  • thyme -  leaves can be used as seasoning for almost any meat and stews and stuffings and vegetables; any of various mints of the genus Thymus
  • tomato sauce -  sauce made with a puree of tomatoes (or strained tomatoes) with savory vegetables and other seasonings; can be used on pasta
  • tuna -  New Zealand eel; any very large marine food and game fish of the genus Thunnus; related to mackerel; chiefly of warm waters; important warm-water fatty fish of the genus Thunnus of the family Scombridae; usually served as steaks; tropical American prickly pear of Jamaica
  • tuna salad -  salad composed primarily of chopped canned tuna fish
  • turkey -  large gallinaceous bird with fan-shaped tail; widely domesticated for food; an event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual; flesh of large domesticated fowl usually roasted; a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1923; a person who does something thoughtless or annoying
  • turnip -  root of any of several members of the mustard family; widely cultivated plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root
  • veal -  meat from a calf
  • vinegar -  sour-tasting liquid produced usually by oxidation of the alcohol in wine or cider and used as a condiment or food preservative; dilute acetic acid
  • watercress -  of a moderate yellow-green color that is greener and deeper than moss green and yellower and darker than pea green;  cresses that grow in clear ponds and streams; any of several water-loving cresses
  • wax -  any of various substances of either mineral origin or plant or animal origin; they are solid at normal temperatures and insoluble in water; verb go up or advance; increase in phase; cover with wax
  • Whole milk -  milk from which no constituent (such as fat) has been removed
  • yellow -  of the color intermediate between green and orange in the color spectrum; of something resembling the color of an egg yolk; cowardly or treacherous; changed to a yellowish color by age; easily frightened; affected by jaundice which causes yellowing of skin etc; typical of tabloids;  yellow color or pigment; the chromatic color resembling the hue of sunflowers or ripe lemons; verb turn yellow
  • zucchini -  small cucumber-shaped vegetable marrow; typically dark green; marrow squash plant whose fruit are eaten when small
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