Fast food

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Fast food
Dog N Suds Drive In Fast Food Meal.jpg
A montage of fast food restaurants, including McDonald's, Burger King, KFC, Subway, and Pizza Hut.
CourseMain course
Place of originUnited States
Created byMultiple, including White Castle, McDonald's, and KFC
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsMeat, bread, potatoes, cheese, condiments, soft drinks

Fast food is a type of cuisine that emphasizes quick, convenient service over the quality and nutrition of the food being served. Fast food typically consists of items such as hamburgers, fried chicken, french fries, and soft drinks, and is often served in a takeout container or wrapper for easy transport. The origins of fast food can be traced back to the early 20th century, and it has since become a dominant force in the global food industry.


The modern fast food industry is believed to have originated in the United States in the early 20th century. The first fast food restaurant, White Castle, opened in Wichita, Kansas in 1921. White Castle was known for its small, square hamburgers, which were sold for five cents each. McDonald's, which is now one of the world's largest fast food chains, was founded in 1940 in San Bernardino, California. Its menu initially consisted of only hamburgers, fries, and soft drinks, but it later expanded to include items such as the Big Mac and the Egg McMuffin.

The success of McDonald's and other fast food chains led to the rapid expansion of the industry throughout the United States and eventually around the world. Today, there are thousands of fast food restaurants in countries across the globe, serving a wide range of menu items.

Menu items

Fast food restaurants typically offer a limited menu of items that can be quickly prepared and served. These items often include hamburgers, chicken sandwiches, hot dogs, french fries, onion rings, and various types of pizza. Many fast food restaurants also offer breakfast items, such as breakfast sandwiches and pancakes.

In recent years, fast food chains have come under increasing pressure to offer healthier menu items, and many have responded by introducing salads, grilled chicken sandwiches, and other low-calorie options. However, these items often account for only a small percentage of overall sales, as many customers continue to opt for traditional, high-calorie items.


Fast food has been the subject of numerous controversies, particularly regarding its impact on public health. Critics argue that the high calorie, fat, and sugar content of many fast food items contributes to obesity, heart disease, and other health problems. Fast food has also been criticized for its impact on the environment, as the production and disposal of packaging and other waste creates significant amounts of pollution.

In addition to health and environmental concerns, fast food has also been criticized for its treatment of workers. Many fast food employees work long hours for low wages and few benefits, leading to protests and calls for better pay and working conditions.

Popular culture

Fast food has become a ubiquitous presence in popular culture, appearing in films, television shows, and music. In the United States, fast food chains such as McDonald's and Burger King have become household names, and their logos and branding have become iconic symbols of American culture. The fast food industry has also been the subject of numerous documentaries, including "Super Size Me" and "Food, Inc."

Healthier options

As mentioned earlier, fast food chains have come under scrutiny for the health effects of their menu items. In response, many chains have added healthier options to their menus. For example, McDonald's now offers salads, fruit cups, and grilled chicken sandwiches. Subway, a chain that specializes in sandwiches, promotes its healthier options with its "Eat Fresh" marketing campaign, featuring spokesperson Jared Fogle, who famously lost weight by eating Subway sandwiches.

Despite these efforts, some critics argue that the healthiest options at fast food restaurants are still far from ideal. Many menu items are still high in calories, sodium, and fat, and even salads can be loaded with unhealthy toppings and dressings.


Fast food has become a global phenomenon, with chains such as McDonald's, Burger King, and KFC operating in countries around the world. However, the menus and marketing strategies of these chains often vary by country. For example, McDonald's in India serves a menu that is largely vegetarian, with items such as the McAloo Tikki burger, made with a potato and pea patty. In Japan, McDonald's has offered seasonal items such as the "Ebi Filet-O" burger, made with a shrimp patty.

In some countries, fast food chains have faced resistance from consumers who prefer local cuisine. For example, in France, fast food chains such as McDonald's and KFC have faced protests and vandalism from groups who see them as a threat to traditional French culture and cuisine.

Environmental impact

The fast food industry is a major contributor to environmental pollution. The production and disposal of packaging, containers, and other waste creates significant amounts of garbage, much of which ends up in landfills. Fast food restaurants also use large amounts of water and energy to prepare and serve food, and the meat production that supplies the industry is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions.

In recent years, some fast food chains have taken steps to reduce their environmental impact. For example, many chains have switched to more sustainable packaging materials, such as paper and cardboard, and have introduced recycling programs. Some chains have also started to source their meat from more sustainable and humane sources.


Fast food is a popular and convenient type of cuisine that has become a dominant force in the global food industry. While it has faced criticism for its health and environmental impacts, fast food chains have responded by adding healthier menu options and taking steps to reduce their environmental footprint. Despite these efforts, fast food remains a controversial and often divisive subject, with many people viewing it as a symbol of unhealthy and unsustainable food culture.

See also

Drive-through Fast casual restaurant Street food Take-out


External links

Fast Food at The New York Times

Fast Food at BBC News Fast Food at NPR Fast Food and Nutrition at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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